Download Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for by Henry Laycock PDF

By Henry Laycock

An image of the area as mainly one in every of discrete items, dispensed in area and time, has occasionally appeared compelling. it really is even though one of many major ambitions of Henry Laycock's booklet; for it truly is heavily incomplete. the image, he argues, leaves no house for "stuff" like air and water. With discrete gadgets, we could regularly ask "how many?," yet with stuff the query needs to be "how much?" Laycock's attention-grabbing exploration additionally addresses key logical and linguistic questions on the best way we categorize the various and the a lot.

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T. Burge, ‘Mass Terms, Count Nouns and Change’, in Mass Terms: Some Philosophical Problems, 217. The thought would seem to be that the diVerence between a body possessing cohesive unity and a physical object lacking any such unity is a diVerence more of degree than of kind. See here also P. Hacker, ‘Substance: Things and StuVs’, Aristotelian Society Supplementary 78 (2004), 41–63. 6 So far as the formal category of object is concerned, Wittgenstein writes that the object-concept is a formal concept, or what he also calls a ‘pseudo-concept’; he writes ‘the variable name ‘‘x’’ is the proper sign of the pseudo-concept object.

And here there is a positive reason, of sorts, for the view that such non-count expressions as ‘the ice in your G&T’, ‘the gold in this lump’, and so forth denote a single ‘discrete and identiWable object’ each: they can enter into statements of identity. The existence of a true statement of identity (or equally, no doubt, of non-identity), it is supposed, is a suYcient reason for believing in the existence of a corresponding entity (object, individual, thing) or, in the case of non-identity, of corresponding entities—in other words, Quine in reverse gear.

In consequence, the semantic scope of the enquiry is a good deal more wide-ranging than its metaphysical concerns. sceptical) sponsor of one such approach, in which the writings of a fair selection of other sponsors are cited and discussed. See D. W. Zimmerman, ‘Theories of Masses and Problems of Constitution’, Philosophical Review, 104 (1995), 53–110. 0 METAPHYSICS WITHOUT BODIES I want to begin now to consider in some detail what might perhaps be called the project of ‘entiWcation’ within the realm of stuV.

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