By R. M.W. Dixon
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Additional resources for Where Have All the Adjectives Gone?
Whole has a range of participial complements - broken, smashed, split, dissected, and so on. Raw has the participial complement cooked. Raw/cooked show some antonym properties - of degree - that whole-broken lack, merely because cook is, unlike break, a durative verb. HUMAN PROPENSITY adjectives - such as jealous, loyal, merry do not appear to have clear (monomorphemic) complements or antonyms (the justification for this statement is given in the next subsection). 13 It is as if these adjectives 13.
There are complexities not covered here, but the list gives a broad general picture of the main elements of an NP. Here we are only concerned with the items under B (those which can be preceded by rather, very or quite), which always follow items A and precede C. g. new, white house (versus old, white house) and while, new house (versus red, new house). 2S Speakers show a large measure of agreement on these orderings. Thus, 24. And note also thai scarlet, a hyponym of red, does not have verbal derivatives although it ends in one of the eight consonants.
HUMAN PROPENSITY 12 - jealous, happy, kind, clever, generous, gay, cruel, rude, proud, wicked, and very many more items. 5. AGE - new, young, old. 6. ). 7. SPEED - fast, quick, slow and just a few more items. 1 Kind of semantic opposition involved Three kinds of semantic opposition can be distinguished (Lyons, 1968:460-470) - antonymy, complementarity and converseness; adjectives show only the first two of these three kinds of opposition. In the case of complements the denial of one term implies the assertion of the other, and vice versa - for instance, single and married.
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