By Gillian Catriona Ramchand
Книга Verb which means and the Lexicon: a primary section Syntax Verb which means and the Lexicon: a primary section Syntax Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Gillian Catriona Ramchand Год издания: 2008 Формат: pdf Издат.:Cambridge college Press Страниц: 228 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 0521842409 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The dating among the which means of phrases and the constitution of sentences is a crucial zone of study in linguistics. learning the connections among lexical conceptual which means and occasion structural family members, this e-book arrives at a modular type of verb varieties inside English and throughout languages. Ramchand argues that lexical encyclopedic content material and occasion structural facets of which means have to be systematically unusual, and that thematic and aspectual kinfolk belong to the latter area of which means. The publication proposes a syntactic decompositional view of middle verbal which means, and units out to account for the variety and systematicity of argument constitution realisation throughout verb forms. It additionally proposes a singular view of lexical insertion
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Extra resources for Verb Meaning and the Lexicon: A First Phase Syntax
However, there are certain verbs that behave signiﬁcantly differently in being obligatorily telic, even in English. They systematically reject the for an hour test, in contrast to the verbs above where it is always possible to get an atelic reading. (32) (a) John broke the stick in a second/*for seconds. (b) Mary arrived in two minutes/*for two minutes. (c) Michael found gold in just ten minutes. Clearly, the telicity of this class of verbs needs to be represented differently from the telicity that sometimes arises from the semantic combination of the verb, its object (whether undergoer or path), and the presence of a ﬁnal state (implicit or explicit).
Within the group of arguments classiﬁed as ‘internal’, I argued for a number of distinct role relations: undergoers and resultees were the ‘themes’ of process events and result events respectively; paths, or rhemes more generally were part of the event description and in the case of paths actually provided part–whole structure that could give rise to quantization properties on the part of the event. In the next chapter, I will lay out the theoretical machinery that I argue makes sense of these empirical patterns.
Consisting of an indeﬁnite number of transitions) or the limiting case of representing only single minimal transition such as that found with ‘achievement’ verbs. The initP exists when the verb expresses a causational or initiational state that leads to the process. The resP only exists when there is a result state explicitly expressed by the lexical predicate; it does not correlate with semantic/aspectual boundedness in a general sense. e. resP only exists if the event structure itself is speciﬁed as expressing a result state.
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