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By Kurt Schock

Why perform a little nonviolent routine achieve demanding oppression and injustice the place others get suppressed? Defining unarmed insurrections as geared up well known demanding situations to govt authority that rely totally on nonviolent motion instead of on armed tools, Schock (sociology, Rutgers U.) relatively explores this query via th

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Additional resources for Unarmed Insurrections: People Power Movements In Nondemocracies (Social Movements, Protest and Contention)

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What factors contributed to an apparent global wave of unarmed insurrections from the late 1970s through the 1990s? Why did some of the unarmed insurrections in the 1980s and the 1990s contribute to political transformation and democratization, while others did not? The first two questions are addressed in this chapter, while the third question is addressed in subsequent chapters. Nonviolent Action As noted in the introduction, political contention often transgresses institutional boundaries and may involve a spectrum of methods across the continuum from nonviolent to violent.

Possible responses to political oppression and injustice. 14 FROM "PEOPLE'S WAR" TO "PEOPLE POWER"? through cultural processes, and they must overcome obstacles such as fear, ideological hegemony, apathy, fatalism, and grudging acceptance. 13 Once the oppressive or unjust situation is recognized and viewed as unacceptable, it may be acted upon in a variety of ways. One response is for members of the aggrieved group to exit the situation. Situations of oppression, injustice, political exclusion, and economic exploitation have fueled emigration from less-developed countries to more-developed ones, where polities are often more inclusive and economic exploitation is often more tolerable.

5 nondemocratic contexts. Hence the surprise of social scientists at the events in Iran in 1978—79 as well as the events in Eastern Europe a decade later. In addition to Iran, the late twentieth-century wave of unarmed insurrections in nondemocracies included insurrections against military juntas in Bolivia in the late 1970s and the early 1980s; uprisings against the Duvalier regime in Haiti and the Nimiery regime in the Sudan in 1985; the "people power" movement in the Philippines in 1986; pro-democracy movements in Chile, South Africa, and South Korea in the 1980s; and pro-democracy movements in Bangladesh, Nepal, Mali, Madagascar, and Thailand between 1989 and 1993, in Indonesia in 1997-98, and in Nigeria in 1998-99.

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