Download Topics in Constraint-Based Grammar of Japanese by Takao Gunji, Koiti Hasida, T. Gunji, K. Hasida PDF

By Takao Gunji, Koiti Hasida, T. Gunji, K. Hasida

This selection of papers experiences our try to cartoon how jap grammar could be represented in a constraint-based formalism. Our first try of this nature seemed a decade in the past as eastern word constitution Grammar (Gunji 1987) and in different papers following the ebook of the e-book. This ebook has developed from a technical memo that was once a development record at the eastern word constitution grammar (JPSG) venture, which was once performed as an job of the JPSG operating staff at ICOT (Institute for New-Generation Computing expertise) from 1984 to 1992. JPSG implements rules from fresh advancements in word constitution grammar formalism, comparable to head-driven word constitution grammar (HPSG), (see Pollard & Sag 1987, 1994) as utilized to the japanese language. the most target of this venture was once to country quite a few grammatical regularities exhibited in typical language mostly (and in jap specifically) as a suite of neighborhood constraints. The booklet is geared up in components. half I offers an outline of advancements in our framework after the book of Gunji (1987), introducing our primary assumptions in addition to discussing quite a few elements of eastern within the constraint­ established formalism and summarizing discussions of the JPSG operating staff in the course of the above-mentioned interval. clearly, within the interval after the ebook of the above ebook, our dialogue was once headquartered on themes no longer lined within the book.

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Chapter 2. Relative Clauses and Adnominal Clauses 29 b. Lexical entry for yom with the slash for the subject loc nonloc ;::m 1 head [ root] sem read{iJ) subcat { III ~oc n[obj,W01]}] val adjacent {} arg-st Woc [j] n[sbj,ga];], III } slash { rn } ] core c. 2, where the mother category has + as the mod value, and has a nonempty dep value. These features show that this category is an adjunct to a noun. Note that the single slash value of the adjacent complement yon is not inherited to the mother node that corresponds to yon-da.

Relative Clauses and Adnominal Clauses 29 b. Lexical entry for yom with the slash for the subject loc nonloc ;::m 1 head [ root] sem read{iJ) subcat { III ~oc n[obj,W01]}] val adjacent {} arg-st Woc [j] n[sbj,ga];], III } slash { rn } ] core c. 2, where the mother category has + as the mod value, and has a nonempty dep value. These features show that this category is an adjunct to a noun. Note that the single slash value of the adjacent complement yon is not inherited to the mother node that corresponds to yon-da.

B. Gakusei-ga san-nin kita. student-NOM 3-CL came Three students came. The following sentences show that such an MP is not part of the measured NP (including those with the following case marker): san-nin waratta/kita. 7) a. Gakusei-ga kinoo student-NOM yesterday 3-CL laughed/came Three students laughed/came yesterday. b. San-nin kinoo gakusei-ga warattalkita. 3-CL yesterday student-NOM laughed/came Three students laughed/came yesterday. In what follows, we will first discuss the intranominal MPs (both prenominal and postnominal ones) and then move on to the discussion of adverbial MPs.

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