By Dr Stevens Graham, Michael Beaney
This e-book combines a ancient and philosophical examine of Russell's concept of descriptions. It defends, develops, and extends the idea as a contribution to common language semantics whereas additionally arguing for a reassessment of the significance of linguistic inquiry to Russell's philosophical undertaking.
Read Online or Download The Theory of Descriptions: Russell and the Philosophy of Language (History of Analytic Philosophy) PDF
Best semantics books
During this groundbreaking publication, Wierzbicka demonstrates that each language has its «key techniques» and that those key ideas replicate the middle values of the tradition. extra, she argues that inside a culture-independent analytical framework one could research, evaluate, or even clarify cultures to outsiders via their key techniques.
Over the past 20 years or so, many of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been eager about the query of even if those languages could be stated to have grammatical matters, and if that is so which argument of a simple transitive clause can be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical family members akin to topic and item are syntactic notions, and has to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic homes, instead of via semantic roles or discourse capabilities.
This ebook offers an leading edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept language might be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor varieties, or Texts. Semantics is particularly that procedure of ideas that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the that means of a family members of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a specific sentence.
This quantity brings jointly unique papers through linguists and philosophers at the function of context and standpoint in language and notion. numerous contributions are interested in the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in contemporary philosophical discussions. In a considerable creation, the editors survey the sphere and map out the proper concerns and positions.
- Normalization in Translation: Corpus-based Diachronic Research into Twentieth-century English Chinese Fictional Translation
- Models of Sharing Graphs: A Categorical Semantics of let and letrec
- English Lexicogenesis
- Perspectives on Aspect (Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics)
- Metadata and Semantics Research: 6th Research Conference, MTSR 2012, Cádiz, Spain, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings
Extra resources for The Theory of Descriptions: Russell and the Philosophy of Language (History of Analytic Philosophy)
But this clearly need not be the case. The guest simply expected the yacht to be larger than it turned out to be: he almost certainly did not have a specific size in mind that he believed to be the size of the yacht. Thus, as Salmon (2009) puts it in his recent discussion of Kripke’s objection, ‘In that case, the description, “the size I thought your yacht was” is improper. Russell’s distinction of primary and secondary occurrence therefore appears to be of no help in removing the misunderstanding.
This pragmatic turn marks a fundamental division between Russell and Strawson. Whereas the theory of descriptions assigns to every descriptive sentence a truth-value in accordance with truth-conditions that are determined solely by the form and constituents of the sentence, Strawson’s pragmatic analysis assigns truth-values to utterances. This introduces additional complexities that Strawson takes Russell to have overlooked at his cost. Utterances must conform to communicative rules and conventions if they are to be successful devices of communication.
If ‘a’ is an empty name, then there is nothing for the property F to be paired with as the thing expressed by ‘Fa’. Perhaps the most obvious response is to deny that ‘Fa’ expresses a proposition, and hence to deny that it has a truth-value. But, as objectors are quick to point out, this is clearly unsatisfactory. Sentences like ‘Gollum was one of Tolkien’s finest creations’ can certainly be used to say something, and arguably they can be used to say something true or false. And the negative existential ‘Gollum does not exist’ is certainly true, and true because there is no actual entity named by ‘Gollum’.
- Download The Turk Who Loved Apples: And Other Tales of Losing My Way by Matt Gross PDF
- Download Flashback by Michael Palmer PDF