By Lester Embree
This paintings is dedicated to constructing in addition to expounding the idea of the cultural sciences of the thinker Alfred Schutz (1899-1959). Drawing on all of Schutz’s seven volumes in English, the booklet indicates how his philosophical concept includes the reflective clarifications of the disciplinary definitions, easy ideas, and specified equipment of specific cultural sciences in addition to their species and genus. The ebook first expounds Schutz’s personal theories of economics, jurisprudence, political technological know-how, sociology, and psychology. It then extends his method of different disciplines, supplying new theories of archaeology, ethnology, and psychotherapy in his spirit to be able to stimulate the advance of Schutzian theories in those and different disciplines. the second one a part of the publication comprises complementary philosophical chapters dedicated to tradition, teams, perfect forms, interdisciplinarity, which means, relevance, social rigidity, and verification.
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Extra info for The Schutzian Theory of the Cultural Sciences
Efforts at theory of science made within the framework of, and limited to, a particular science) and philosophical science theory (which also includes genera and species of science), then constructs of the fourth degree would need to be recognized. ) What are the key postulates for the cultural sciences in general? ) and those of adequacy and subjective meaning are especially important. Regarding the former, each term in a scientific model of human action must be constructed in such a way that a human act performed within the life-world by an individual actor in the way indicated by Postulates for All Cultural Sciences 19 the typical construct would be understandable by the actor himself as well as by his fellowman in terms of the common-sense thinking of everyday life.
PSW 242) Probably this signifies that if laws are products and as such not actions, they nevertheless refer to actions and can hence be classified in relation to course-of-action types even though the types expressed in laws are not themselves course-of-action types. And clearly the products of interest in jurisprudence have subjective and objective meanings for Schutz: Every student of law is familiar with the distinction between considering a point of law as a proposition within the legal system and in accordance with philological and juridical canons of interpretation, on the one hand, and asking, on the other hand, what “the intention of the legislator” was.
In the same spirit, the results reported in the present chapter can now simply be restated, beginning with principles proper to science in general and gradually specifying them for cultural science; social science in the narrow signification; and for modern theoretical economics according to Schutz. The theoretical attitude is adopted; ideology is resisted; and clear, distinct, and consistent results are sought in order to produce pure rather than applied theory. Pertinent aspects of the socio-cultural life-world are thematized in a culturalscientific investigation.
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