By Roger Owen
The monarchical presidential regimes that prevailed within the Arab global for thus lengthy seemed as if they'd final indefinitely—until occasions in Tunisia and Egypt made transparent their time used to be up. The upward thrust and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life exposes for the 1st time the origins and dynamics of a governmental procedure that principally outlined the Arab heart East within the 20th century.
Presidents who rule for all times were a function of the Arab global given that independence. within the Eighties their regimes more and more resembled monarchies as presidents took up place of dwelling in palaces and made each attempt to make sure their sons could be successful them. Roger Owen explores the most beneficial properties of the prototypical Arab monarchical regime: its family; its internal circle of corrupt cronies; and its makes an attempt to create a well-liked legitimacy in response to monetary good fortune, a manipulated structure, controlled elections, and knowledge suppression.
Why has the Arab global suffered any such focus of everlasting presidential executive? notwithstanding post-Soviet principal Asia has additionally recognized monarchical presidencies, Owen argues major cause is the “Arab demonstration effect,” wherein shut ties around the Arab global have enabled ruling households to percentage administration suggestions and counsel. yet this impact additionally explains why those presidencies all got here less than an identical strain to reform or pass. Owen discusses the large well known competition the presidential structures engendered through the Arab Spring, and the political swap that ensued, whereas additionally delineating the demanding situations the Arab revolutions face around the center East and North Africa.
Read or Download The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life PDF
Best comparative politics books
Legislatures are political our bodies necessary to democracy and the guideline of legislations. They current social scientists with a number of interesting puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our realizing of political associations. Why, and the way, have those historical assemblies, validated in pre-democratic occasions, survived the transition to mass democracies?
This quantity units out to check the historical past of eire within the years following the Dail's ratification of independence from Britain in 1922. the various authors within the assortment, all specialists on various facets of Irish heritage from the 1st 1/2 the 20 th century, specialize in quite a lot of various issues.
Evaluating Political Regimes presents a entire review of the world's political structures by means of outlining and contrasting the points of 4 diversified regime forms: liberal democracies, electoral democracies, semi-liberal autocracies, and closed autocracies. The 3rd variation is punctiliously revised and up-to-date.
- Democracy and the Rise of Women's Movements in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Coalition Politics and Economic Development: Credibility and the Strength of Weak Governments
- The Political Economy of Social Security
- The Politics of Welfare State Reform in Continental Europe: Modernization in Hard Times
- Elite Foundations of Liberal Democracy
- Legislative, Executive, And Judicial Governance in Federal Countries
Additional resources for The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life
20 As elsewhere in the newly independent world, this cult of personality appeared with what seems like remarkable rapidity, as Nasser distanced himself from his former military colleagues and was distanced by them. Already by 1955, a member of the original Revolutionary Command Council, Major Salah Salem, was telling a radio audience: “He [Nasser] is moving away from us, in our very midst, through his own humility, as the Saviour did from his disciples. ”21 A remarkable statement indeed. It is true that Nasser made some attempt to mitigate the impact of the growing adulation by living simply in his old house in the Cairo suburb of Heliopolis, by rarely dining out, and by spending many domestic evenings in study and discussions with experts.
The Presidency In most cases, the inner workings of presidential security regimes, both past and present, remain largely hidden, with only few occasions when it has been possible to observe presidents at work or to learn how decisions are or were actually made. The fundamental task for any powerful Arab republican president has been to build, and then to maintain, a system that preserves him in office while concentrating most of the decision-making process in his own hands. Typically this was a doubly personal matter, for not only did the presidents for life perfect their own systems of management and control, but also they did it in ways congruent with their own individual styles of leadership.
This was also true in Tunisia, where the modernizing 17 The Rise and Fall of Arab Presidents for Life regime of Habib Bourguiba came to power directly after independence in 1956. Meanwhile, the monarchs of Jordan, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia only just managed to survive a series of attempted military coups or assassinations, events that pushed them to assume the mantle of centralizing modernizers in roughly the same way as their republican neighbors. The preferred political structure of most of the second wave of postindependent Arab regimes was the authoritarian one-party state with its monopoly of political power and control over the process of planned, “scientific” development and the measures taken to improve social welfare via a large-scale redistribution of wealth.
- Download Wealth and Freedom: An Introduction to Political Economy by David P. Levine PDF
- Download Dictionary of the Politics of the People's Republic of China by Colin Mackerras, Donald H. McMillen, Andrew Watson PDF