By Michelle Bamberger
A pharmacologist and a veterinarian pull again the curtain at the human and animal future health results of hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”
Across the rustic, fracking—the extraction of normal fuel by way of hydraulic fracturing—is being touted because the nation’s resolution to strength independence and a repair for a flagging economic climate. Drilling businesses guarantee us that the method is secure, politicians push via drilling laws and not using a critical public-health debate, and those that converse out are marginalized, their silence bought by means of gasoline businesses and their warnings concerning the hazards of fracking stifled.
The genuine price of Fracking pulls again the curtain on how this poisonous method endangers the surroundings and harms humans, pets, and cattle. Michelle Bamberger, a veterinarian, and Robert Oswald, a pharmacologist, mix their services to teach how illness at drilling websites interprets into in poor health well-being and heartbreak for households and their animals. through giving voice to the folk at floor 0 of the fracking debate, the authors vividly illustrate the results of fracking and factor an pressing caution to we all: fracking poses a dire hazard to the air we breathe, the water we drink, or even our nutrition supply.
Bamberger and Oswald exhibit the harrowing studies of small farmers who've misplaced their animals, their livelihoods, and their peace of brain, and of rural households whose estate values have plummeted as their cities were invaded through drillers. whilst, those tales provide us wish, as humans band jointly to aid each other and courageously struggle to reclaim their communities.
the controversy over fracking speaks to a center drawback of up to date existence: we require strength to reside with smooth conveniences, yet what measure of environmental degradation, healthiness dangers, and threats to our foodstuff offer are we prepared to simply accept to acquire that strength? As those tales reveal, the stakes couldn’t be better, and this can be a subject matter that none people can manage to pay for to disregard.
Read or Download The Real Cost of Fracking: How America's Shale Gas Boom Is Threatening Our Families, Pets, and Food PDF
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Extra resources for The Real Cost of Fracking: How America's Shale Gas Boom Is Threatening Our Families, Pets, and Food
This fact has been used to argue in favor of the safety of the process. , the Marcellus Shale in parts of New York State), direct interaction with aquifers could be a problem. Also, connections with natural faults and abandoned gas wells (tens of thousands of unknown and abandoned wells exist in New York6 and Pennsylvania) can bring fluids from the fracturing process into contact with an aquifer. In addition to potential aquifer contamination, surface spills of both hydraulic fracturing fluids and the toxic and radioactive substances brought up with the gas have been documented and have contaminated ponds and streams.
That is, if a link between drilling operations and public health cannot be proven definitively, then the link is rejected, effectively putting the burden of proof on the victim. 30 However, if we move away from the strict interpretation of the precautionary principle, we can begin to define the risks involved in large-scale gas and oil drilling and to assign the burden of proof for avoiding a certain level of harm. This will require careful scientific studies of the health effects of drilling operations.
Some environmentalists often invoke the “precautionary principle,” which states that if an action is suspected of causing harm, then the burden of proof is on the entity taking such action. In the case of the fossil fuel industry, the precautionary principle would suggest that this industry has the obligation to prove that its actions do not cause public harm. The fossil fuel industry, however, seems to have taken a page from the tobacco industry playbook. That is, if a link between drilling operations and public health cannot be proven definitively, then the link is rejected, effectively putting the burden of proof on the victim.
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