By Carlota S. Smith (auth.)
While engaged on this venture i've got obtained institutional help of a number of types, for which i'm so much thankful. I thank the Institute for complicated research at Stanford collage, and the Spencer beginning. for a stimulating atmosphere during which the fundamental suggestion of this publication used to be constructed. The Max Planck Institute for Psycho linguistics at Nijmegen enabled me to spend a number of months engaged on the the manuscript. a countrywide technology origin provide to advance Discourse illustration conception, and a supply from The collage examine Institute of the college of Texas, additionally gave me time to pursue this venture. I thank Helen Aristar-Dry for analyzing early drafts of the manuscript, Osten Dahl for penetrating comments on a initial model, and my collaborator Gilbert Rappaport for relentless reviews and questions all through. individuals with whom i've got labored on specific languages are pointed out within the correct chapters. lowe a unique debt of gratitude to the contributors of my graduate seminar on point within the spring of 1990: they raised many questions of value which made a true range ence to the ultimate type of the speculation. i've got benefitted from offering elements of this fabric publicly, together with colloquia on the college of California at Berkeley, the collage of California at San Diego, the collage of Pennsylvania, Rice college, the college of Texas, and college of Tel Aviv. I thank Adrienne Diehr and Marjorie Troutner for his or her effective and good-humored support during the paintings at the first edition.
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C. d. Tigers are striped. Tigers eat meat. Dinosaurs are extinct. Herbivores are common. Generic sentences vary widely in syntactic properties. There are certain predicates, such as extinct, which hold only of kinds; but most predicates may be used both for individuals and for classes. Generics are discusssed in Carlson and Pelletier 1995. The verb constellations of generic sentences are usually associated with dynamic situation types at the basic level of classification. For instance, The beaver builds dams has a generic reading.
D. Tigers are striped. Tigers eat meat. Dinosaurs are extinct. Herbivores are common. Generic sentences vary widely in syntactic properties. There are certain predicates, such as extinct, which hold only of kinds; but most predicates may be used both for individuals and for classes. Generics are discusssed in Carlson and Pelletier 1995. The verb constellations of generic sentences are usually associated with dynamic situation types at the basic level of classification. For instance, The beaver builds dams has a generic reading.
But Activities are not entirely homogenous. The endpoints involve change to and from a state of rest. 6 Activities may have explicit, independent, bounds, as when they appear with certain time adverbials (from 2 to 3, for an hour). The explicit bound has a transformative effect on the verb constellation, producing a sentence with telic properties. In other words, the situation type value of an Activity shifts in the presence of an explic- 24 SITUATION ASPECT it bounding adverbial. Independently bounded Activities have a specific final endpoint and the grammatical correlates of telicity.
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