By Alan Partington
The Linguistics of Laughter examines what audio system attempt to in achieving through generating ‘laughter-talk’ (the speak previous and eliciting an episode of laughter) and, through the use of plentiful examples from language corpora, what hearers are signalling once they produce laughter. particularly, Alan Partington specializes in the tactical use of laughter-talk to accomplish particular rhetorical, and strategic, ends: for instance, to build an identification, to make an argumentative aspect, to threaten a person else’s face or shop one's personal. even if laughter and humour are in no way continually similar, the publication additionally considers the results those corpus-based observations can have approximately humour concept often. As one of many first works to have recourse to the sort of huge databank of examples of laughter in spontaneous operating speak, this extraordinary quantity is a necessary element of reference and an concept for students with an curiosity in corpus linguistics, discourse, humour, wordplay, irony and laughter-talk as a social phenomenon.
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Extra info for The Linguistics of Laughter: A corpus-assisted Study of Laughter-talk (Routledge Studies in Linguistics)
In the second form of script interaction, a new script may put an end to a previous one, preventing its natural completion. Discovering the restaurant was closed, or that one had forgotten one’s wallet/purse, or being offended by the service and leaving would all be script terminators. Finally two or more scripts can simply be active at the same time. Schank and Abelson cite the example of ‘John was wooing his girlfriend in the restaurant’, where $RESTAURANT and $ROMANCER are both alive. In such cases, of course, ‘when two scripts are active at once they compete for incoming items of information.
The first is ‘quick and dirty’ whilst the second requires the on-line or nonce construction of a mental model that will fit the data. 6 Mental models A mental model is ‘a representation in the form of an internal model of the state of affairs characterized by the sentence’ (Brown and Yule 1983: 251) (we might prefer the term utterance). A form of mental model theory, proposed by Johnson-Laird (1981a, 1981b, 1983), differs somewhat from that proposed here. It relies not on inference from the first basics of human goals, but entails a heuristic approach, affirming that people construct a sort of ‘best model’ on the available evidence, inferencing, that is, from features of the context of situation.
Although Pinker failed to find it funny, it is profitable to look at one of Koestler’s illustrations of bisociation in jokes (taken from Freud: slight editing): (15) A Marquis at the court of Louis XIV enters his wife’s boudoir and finds her in the arms of a Bishop. He walks calmly to the window and starts blessing the people on the street below. ’ asks the wife in astonishment. ’ Our dramatic expectations, argues Koestler, are raised most economically by the activation of an adultery script (‘what happens when the husband finds his wife in bed with another man’) and are debunked by the Marquis’s unexpected reaction.
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