By James G. Lochtefeld
A consultant in Hinduism, Buddhism, and different Asian religions and philosophical traditions, Lochtefeld (religion, Carthage Coll.) bargains a two-volume reference on each element of Hinduism and similar components of Indian tradition and historical past. Written in a transparent, user-friendly type, the greater than 2500 alphabetically prepared entries tackle readers now not entirely acquainted with Hindu trust and perform. The entries conceal a variety of topic parts, together with ideals, rituals, paintings, celebrations, sacred locations, heritage, non secular enterprises, biographies (of holy individuals, theoreticians, and spiritual leaders), and lots more and plenty extra. they're quite often approximately 2 hundred phrases lengthy, notwithstanding a few are so long as a thousand phrases. In a priceless cross-referencing process, boldface phrases within the textual content of each access refer readers to similar entries. There are handy subject-category listings within the introductory fabric, an exhaustive index within the again, and black-and-white photos all through. additionally integrated are charts of relationships between deities, maps of sacred websites, tabulations, a pronunciation key for Hindi and Sanskrit phrases, and valuable diagrams to aid systematize details. ultimately, Lochtefeld additionally offers a decide upon bibliography, comprising approximately 2 hundred vital works, just about all of that have been released after 1950. a few scholarly multivolume encyclopedias can be found in this subject, yet so much aren't very fresh. Lochtefeld's is either obtainable and significant sufficient to serve the desires of scholars, students, and informal readers alike. an immense fulfillment of scholarly examine, association, and research, this booklet is suggested for either public and educational reference collections.
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Additional info for The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism
This story primarily illustrates the power of the sages to curse even the gods, but the different versions also reveal varying assumptions about the nature of women. ”) In the Hindu philosophical tradition, this is one of the four “great utterances” (mahavakyas) expressing an ultimate truth. The truth expressed in this utterance is the idea that atman (the individual Self ) and Brahman (Ultimate Reality) are one and the same—identical; this truth is at the heart of the speculative texts called the Upanishads.
These are particularly high in the temples at Khajuraho, and their height accentuates the upward thrust of these temples. Whether high or low, the adhishthana is important as the temple’s foundation, the stable base on which all else rests. Adhvaryum A type of sacrificial priest described in the Brahmana literature, one of the later strands of the sacred literature known as the Vedas. The Brahmanas largely functioned as manuals describing how to perform sacrificial rites—which primarily involved burning offerings in a sacred fire—and the care and attention devoted to detailing these sacrifices, which leads to the inference that these were the primary religious acts.
Advaita proponents believe that reality is nondual (advaita)—that is, that everything in the world is actually the formless, unqualified Brahman, despite the appearance of difference and diversity. To support this claim, the Advaitins provide a convincing explanation for the world one perceives to have many separate and diverse things. Advaitans account for this apparent diversity by using the concept of adhyasa (superimposition), in which a false, mistaken understanding is projected upon a real object—in the classical Advaita example, seeing a rope in the twilight and mistaking it for a snake.
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