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By J. L. Vannson, Henri M. Duvernoy

College of Franche-Comte, Besancon, France. Atlas of the mind stem and cerebellum. significant other to the author's 1991 name, The Human mind: floor, three-d Sectional Anatomy and MRI. Halftone illustrations.

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Extra info for The Human Brain Stem and Cerebellum: Surface, Structure, Vascularization, and Three-Dimensional Sectional Anatomy, with MRI

Sample text

The limit between spinal cord (9) and medulla (1) is an arbitrary plane (A) passing ventrally through the superior apex of the dens of the axis (10), and dorsally through the middle of the atlas posterior arch (11) . Position ojthe brain stem With the axis of the spinal cord (12) the axis of the brain stem forms an average angle (a) of 15°. This axis forms an average angle (b) of 110° to 1300 with the bicommissural plane (B), which links the anterior (13) to the posterior (14) commissure. (See p.

Each lateral angle or lateral recess of the fourth ventricle (6), shows a small protrusion, the acoustic tubercle produced by the subjacent dorsal cochlear nucleus (6'). The floor is split vertically by a median sulcus (7) and by a limitans sulcus (8) on each side. The striae medullares (9) (aberrant pontocerebellar fibers) cross the floor from its lateral angle to the median sulcus and divide the ventricular floor into two, inferior medullary and superior pontine triangles. Inferior (medullary) triangle (see A) 10 hypoglossal trigone corresponding to the hypoglossal nucleus (10') and nucleus intercalatus (10") 11 vagal trigone (fovea inferior) corresponding to the dorsal motor vagal nucleus (11') and the nucleus of the solitary tract (11") 12 medullary vestibular area corresponding to the vestibular nuclei (12') 13 area postrema (see Fig.

Roof of the fourth ventricle: inferior part. Median section The inferior part of the roof is a thin wall made up of two layers: 1 2 3 6 7 8 9 9' 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 membrana tectoria medullary layer of the inferior tela choroidea The inferior tela choroidea itself is composed of two pial layers: a medullary (2) and a cerebellar (2') layer. These two layers delimit the cerebellomedullary cistern (cisterna magna) (4) covered backwards by the arachnoid mater (5). The arrow indicates the median aperture of the roof (foramen of Magendie) allowing communication between ventricular cavity and subarachnoid spaces.

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