By Dr. Brigitte Preissl, Prof. Laura Solimene (auth.)
Innovation is the motor of financial swap. over the past fifteen years, researches in innovation strategies have emphasized the systemic good points of innovation. when innovation approach research normally takes a static institutional process, cluster research specializes in interplay and the dynamics of expertise and innovation. First, the amount supplies an outline of the various degrees of research from which the innovation behaviour of enterprises has been saw long ago. The publication then provides a special cluster process as an invaluable and leading edge device to examine the configuration and dynamics of networks of actors enthusiastic about leading edge tactics. This strategy emphasises the probabilities of bettering cluster advantages by means of introducing digital hyperlinks among cluster actors. Empirical proof is equipped for the automobile parts and the telecommunication industries. via proscribing the dialogue to Germany and Italy, the authors may be able to discover the function that nationwide innovation platforms play as a framework within which clusters function.
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Extra info for The Dynamics of Clusters and Innovation: Beyond Systems and Networks
38 The dynamies of clusters and innovation to the network approach, and in particular to innovative networks (OECD 2001b)27. Empirical evidence on networks usually relies on existing data sets or specialised surveys; a considerable number of studies also use a case study approach. An example of the former is the MERIT data bank on strategic alliances, while researchers belonging to the OECD Focus Group on Innovating Firms and Networks have mainly used the latter methodology. Despite widespread use of the word, there is still no consensus on an appropriate definition of networks.
In 1991, a special issue of the periodical Research Policy was devoted to networks. It gave an account of an interdisciplinary workshop on the topic held in Montreal in 199()26. The title of the issue was "Networks of innovators: a review and introduction to the issue"; this indicates the need to clarify the concept and to check the relevance of such an approach for innovation studies. " (DeBresson and Amesse 1991, p. 363). Among all these possible types of networks, the Montreal workshop and, consequently, the eight contributions published in Research Policy, mainly stressed the regional variety of networks.
366). In the OECD work, a similar definition emerges. If we look at the conditions inducing the creation of a network, the many studies available point out the following with close reference to the dimensions of technological change: market and technological uncertainty; complexity and systemic feature of innovation; gains from technical cooperation28 • Therefore, the creation of a network allows costs and risks to be shared; it also improves the ability of firms to deal with complexity, which characterises many technological developments based on a wide range of scientific and commercial knowledge.
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