Download The Construction of Authority in Ancient Rome and Byzantium: by Sarolta A. Takács PDF

By Sarolta A. Takács

Within the development of Authority in historical Rome and Byzantium, Sarolta Takács examines the position of the Roman emperor, who used to be the only most crucial law-giving authority in Roman society. Emperors needed to include the traits or virtues espoused by means of Rome's ruling periods. Political rhetoric formed the ancients' fact and performed a component within the maintenance in their political constructions. Takács isolates a reoccurring cultural development, a wakeful appropriation of symbols and symptoms (verbal and visible) belonging to the Roman Empire. She exhibits that many modern options of "empire" have Roman precedents, that are reactivations or reuses of well-established historic styles. exhibiting the dialectical interactivity among the built prior and current, Takács additionally specializes in the difficulty of classical legacy via those virtues, which aren't easily repeated or tailored cultural styles, yet are instruments for the legitimization of political energy, authority, or even domination of 1 state over one other.

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In other words, the reciprocal relationship between gods and humans 58 59 60 Carbo had supported Marius’s march on Rome (87 BCE), shared the consulship with Cinna (85 and 84 BCE), and then was once more consul with Gaius Marius the Younger (82 BCE). Cic. Ver. 15 [40]. v. ” Variations on the Theme: Cicero’s Virtuous Roman / 29 (the pax deorum – pax hominum)61 had become imbalanced due to irreligious, deviant behavior. A natural anomaly, a portent, was a sign of this imbalance. 62 Hence, often when we encounter a report of a political or societal problem that threatened Roman unity, the author’s explanation of a past event moves the narrative into a religious discourse.

Ver. 14 [37]. 64 Cicero showed the judges the reality of Verres’s self-centered actions, which amounted to high treason against the state (maiestas). The accused’s all-but-money-related theft (pretium and merces) weakened the state not only in terms of its self-defining moral code but also in its relation with other states. ”65 Cicero’s Verres is driven by unbridled, destructive emotions, whereas the maiores are symbols of temperance, the authority through which the state, if not propelled forward, is at least kept intact.

There were six men holding this position in any one year. They oversaw the city’s grain supply, its public works, the police force, and put on games for public entertainment, the ludi. The aedileship was the lowest rung on the senatorial ladder that justified the production of a death mask and the accompanying ritual of remembrance. The next position in the hierarchy was the praetorship, which carried chiefly judicial functions. Under Julius Caesar, there were 16 praetors, a number Augustus reduced to 10 and then increased to 12.

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