Download The Cerebellum by Clement A. Fox and Ray S. Snider (Eds.) PDF

By Clement A. Fox and Ray S. Snider (Eds.)

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It should, however, be stressed that the problem : if and to what extent the chondrichthyan cerebellar efferent systems are synaptically interrupted in the lateral cerebellar nucleus, is still awaiting its solution. The granular layer contains two kinds of cells: small elements which iesemble in every respect the granule cells of higher vertebrates (Fig. 20: gr), and larger Golgi type 2 cells (Fig. 20: G). Mossy fibres have not been demonstrated as yet in the granular layer of chondrichthyans. e.

Ol. = bulbus olfactorius; cereb. cer. = corpus cerebelli; emgran. mes. = tectum mesencephali; tel. cer. = valvula cerebelli. across the caudoventral border of the cerebellum by a band of granular cells. This band of cells (the pars medialis auriculi of Palmgren; the stratum granulare, pars ventralis of Pearson: Fig. 32), which forms the morphologically most caudal part of the central cerebellar mass, may well be equivalent to the ‘lower lip’ of the chondrichthyan cerebellum. The valvula cerebelli varies considerably in size and shape.

The latter arise, according to Pearson (1936), from the nucleus of the descending root of the trigeminus. (5) Tractus spino-cerebellaris. This tract was first described by Pearson (1936), who observed that its fibres originate from the lateral funiculus of the cord and, after having traversed the medulla oblongata, arch around the trigeminus nerve. Its fibres reach the cerebellar gray of the same and the opposite side. Larsell (1947a) has confirmed the description of Pearson, and has pointed out that the decussating spinocerebellar fibres constitute a separate commissura cerebelli, situated rostroventrally to the large commissura vestibulo-lateralis (cf.

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