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By Per Brodal

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This is a wonderful source that may be a should have for all clinical libraries that serve any scholars attracted to the neurosciences. Joseph I. Sirven, Doody's Notes

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The vital worried approach: constitution and serve as, Fourth version keeps the culture of 1 of the main revered textbooks in scientific neuroscience through delivering clinical scholars the data and realizing of neuroscience as a foundation for scientific pondering. whereas last concise and straightforward to learn, the textual content encourages mirrored image and important deliberating tested evidence and clinical conjecture and may be of curiosity to scientific, graduate, and undergraduate scholars alike. Prof consistent with Brodal offers transparent descriptions of mind buildings and relates them to their useful homes through incorporating facts from molecular biology to scientific neurology. the varied complete colour line drawings - in line with the author's lengthy adventure of training undergraduate scholars and new to this version - show you how to comprehend complicated structural and practical relationships. completely revised, this fourth variation is going additional in integrating fabric from all fields of the neurosciences. Now divided into eight Sections with a complete of 34 Chapters, every one bankruptcy is brought via a short review of what the coed can anticipate to benefit. New fabric has been integrated in all chapters whereas protecting the scope and assurance that has verified The relevant fearful procedure: constitution and serve as because the preeminent neuroscience textbook.

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4). Of particular interest in this respect are channels for transport of water—aquaporins—that are present in the membranes of astrocytes. Aquaporins were first described in kidney tubular systems, where they were shown to increase significantly the capacity for water passage. Interestingly, in the brain they are most abundant on the glial processes that are in close contact with capillaries and the CSF, that is, where one would expect them to be if they were involved in brain water balance. Exchange by astroglial cells of small neutral molecules, such as the amino acid taurine, may be another mechanism to control extracellular osmolarity.

For peripheral parts of the nervous system, the situation is different. Often located superficially, the peripheral bundles of axons and groups of nerve cells are exposed to various mechanical stresses. They are also subject to considerable stretching forces by movements of the body. Axons can be stretched only slightly before their impulse conduction suffers, and they may even break. To prevent this, peripheral nerves contain large amounts of dense connective tissue with numerous collagen fibers arranged largely longitudinally (Fig.

Axons can be stretched only slightly before their impulse conduction suffers, and they may even break. To prevent this, peripheral nerves contain large amounts of dense connective tissue with numerous collagen fibers arranged largely longitudinally (Fig. 7). The collagen fibers, specialized to resist stretching, protect the axons effectively. The presence of connective tissue in peripheral nerves is the reason that the nerves become much thicker where they leave the skull or the vertebral canal.

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