Download The Cambridge Companion to Gandhi (Cambridge Companions to by Judith M. Brown, Anthony Parel PDF

By Judith M. Brown, Anthony Parel

Even this day, six many years after his assassination in January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi remains to be respected because the father of the Indian country. His highbrow and ethical legacy - encapsulated in works equivalent to Hind Swaraj - in addition to the instance of his lifestyles and politics function an idea to human rights and peace pursuits, political activists, and scholars in lecture room discussions in the course of the international. This ebook, constructed from essays by means of well known specialists within the fields of Indian heritage and philosophy, strains Gandhi's outstanding tale. the 1st a part of the publication, the biography, explores his transformation from a small-town attorney in the course of his youth in South Africa right into a expert political activist and chief of civil resistance in India. the second one half is dedicated to Gandhi's key writings and his pondering on a vast diversity of subject matters, together with faith, clash, politics, and social family members. the ultimate half displays on Gandhi's picture - how he has been portrayed in literature and picture - and on his legacy in India, the West, and past.

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Additional resources for The Cambridge Companion to Gandhi (Cambridge Companions to Religion )

Example text

Gandhi’s determination to go to London, in the face of considerable social pressure not to do so, was the first sign of a strong will in the young man. His mother feared that in England he would not be able to observe Hindu rituals. As a condition of her agreement for him to go, Gandhi took an oath to abstain from women, meat, and alcohol. He then faced considerable opposition from his caste to his journey. Many Hindus believed that by crossing the kala pani (black water), one’s caste was broken.

De-industrialized’ India was turned into a supplier of unprocessed raw materials. Textile imports into India were peaking during Gandhi’s childhood, making up nearly half of all imports in 1870–1. The Indian landscape was being transformed by the growth of cities too; Indian factories also began to boom, jute was processed in Calcutta and cotton in Ahmedabad and Bombay, although usually to the benefit of European financiers, managing agents, and entrepreneurs who created monopolies for themselves.

1 Yet Gandhi had spent little of his adult life in India. He had been a student in England, and had subsequently made several extended visits there; and for more than two decades, his home had been in southern Africa. How, then, was Gandhi able to achieve a position as a major Indian public figure from outside the country? This was all the more remarkable because, in his early years, he had shown little trace of personal or intellectual distinction. The Gandhi who went to the colony of Natal in 1893 had not been an outstanding student and had failed in his attempt to make a legal career in India because of his intense shyness.

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