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By Surjo R. Soekadar, Niels Birbaumer, Leonardo G. Cohen (auth.), Kenji Kansaku, Leonardo G. Cohen (eds.)

Rapidly becoming wisdom in platforms neuroscience might give a contribution to extend the diversity of actions in people with disabilities, yet in its sensible software, cooperation among specialists in numerous examine fields is important. during this convention, the visitor audio system and audiences might be from wide selection of study fields; e.g., systems-neuroscience, neurology, engineering, psychology, and the attendees will speak about the possibilities.

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Muscle length changes as a result of muscle activation (Dlr(u)) and changes the joint angle (l) k (u) = k0 + k1u lr (u) = Lbias - DLeq = Lbias - {Leq (0) - Leq (u)} = L*bias - Leq (u) l (q ) = L (0) - L (θ )  AT q (2) Here, the parameters k0 and k1 in the muscle stiffness k(u) are the intrinsic elasticity and the elasticity, respectively. The muscle stiffness k(u) is represented by linear functions of muscle activation u [13, 15, 19]. For muscles, the two different change of muscle length could be distinguished.

The process of movement from the primary motor cortex to muscle is forward direction, and the number of neurons are decrease in this process. The generation of muscle activities are straightforward. In the field of motor control, motor command generation is still open problem. There are many theories are proposed. In order to evaluate or verify these theories, the technique of BMI is also useful. In this chapter, we introduce musculo-skeletal model and computational model for movement, and also some examples of BMI/BCI.

There are many theories are proposed. Since 1999, when Chapin et al. [1] controlled arm movement of a robot in one degree of freedom from the neural activity of the motor cortex of a rat, much development and research has been done in this field. Carmena et al. [2] succeeded in reconstructing arm movement of a robot in three degrees of freedom and grip force from the neural activity of the premotor cortex, primary motor cortex and posterior parietal cortical area of a monkey. In addition, Musallam et al.

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