By Maurice Stewart
The most recent variation of this best-selling name is up to date and multiplied for simpler use through engineers. New to this variation is a bit at the basics of floor creation operations taking over subject matters from the oilfield as initially deliberate via the authors within the first version. this knowledge is important and endemic to construction and approach engineers. Now, the booklet bargains a very whole photo of floor construction operations, from the creation degree to the method level with purposes to approach and construction engineers.
· New in-depth assurance of hydrocarbon features, different varieties of reservoirs, and impurities in crude.
· useful feedback support readers comprehend the paintings and technological know-how of dealing with produced liquids.
· a number of, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and images sincerely clarify tips to layout, specify, and function oilfield floor creation amenities.
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The most recent version of this best-selling identify is up-to-date and improved for simpler use through engineers. New to this variation is a piece at the basics of floor creation operations taking on themes from the oilfield as initially deliberate by way of the authors within the first version. this knowledge is important and endemic to construction and approach engineers.
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Additional info for Surface production operations. / Volume 1, Design of oil handling systems and facilities
If the water is to be injected into a disposal well, facilities may be required to filter solid particles from it. Water treating can be done in horizontal or vertical skimmer vessels, which look very much like separators. Water treating can also be done in one of the many proprietary designs discussed in this text such as upflow or downflow CPIs (see Figure 1-11), flotation units (see Figure 1-12), cross-flow coalescers/separators, and hydrocyclones. Figure 1-9. A gunbarrel tank for treating oil.
In cold weather areas it is sometimes necessary to insulate the vessels and pipe and house all controls in a building attached to the vessel. In shallow water, facilities can be installed on several different platforms connected by bridges (see Figure 1-36). In deeper water it may be necessary to install all the facilities and the wells on the same platform, as in Figure 1-37. Sometimes, in cold weather areas, the facilities must be enclosed as shown in Figure 1-38. Facilities have been installed on semi-submersible floating structures, tension leg platforms, tankers (see Figure 1-39) and converted jack-up drilling rigs (see Figure 1-40).
Incremental liquid recovery versus number of separator stages. Table 2-2 Stage Separation Guidelines Initial Separator Pressure (kPa) (PSIG) Number of Stages1 170–860 860–2100 2100–3400 3400–4800 25–125 125–300 300–500 500–700 1 1–2 2 2–32 1 2 Does not include stock tank. At flow rates exceeding 650 m3 /hr (100,000 BPD), more stages may be justified. separation is used to maximize liquid production and minimize compressor horsepower. Often, as in our example flowsheet, stage separation is used because different wells producing to the facility have different flowing tubing pressures.
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