By Peter Lasersohn
This e-book explores linguistic and philosophical matters provided by way of sentences expressing own style, comparable to Roller coasters are fun, or Licorice is tasty. normal semantic theories clarify the meanings of sentences by means of specifying the stipulations below which they're actual; right here, Peter Lasersohn asks how we will account for sentences which are serious about concerns of opinion instead of concerns of truth. He argues truth-theoretic semantic concept is suitable even for sentences like those, yet that for such sentences, fact and falsity has to be assigned relative to views, instead of totally. The booklet presents a close and specific formal grammar, understanding the consequences of this notion of fact either for easy sentences and for stories of psychological perspective. The semantic research is paired with a realistic idea explaining what it capability to say a sentence that's precise or fake purely relativistically, and with a speculative account of the sensible motivation for a relativized concept of truth.
Read or Download Subjectivity and perspective in truth-theoretic semantics PDF
Best semantics books
During this groundbreaking e-book, Wierzbicka demonstrates that each language has its «key recommendations» and that those key thoughts mirror the middle values of the tradition. extra, she argues that inside a culture-independent analytical framework you may learn, evaluate, or even clarify cultures to outsiders via their key options.
Over the past 20 years or so, lots of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been all for the query of even if those languages will be acknowledged to have grammatical matters, and if that is so which argument of a uncomplicated transitive clause could be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical kinfolk akin to topic and item are syntactic notions, and has to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic houses, instead of by way of semantic roles or discourse features.
This ebook provides an leading edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept that language will be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor varieties, or Texts. Semantics is particularly that method of principles that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the which means of a family members of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a selected sentence.
This quantity brings jointly unique papers by way of linguists and philosophers at the position of context and viewpoint in language and idea. a number of contributions are eager about the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in fresh philosophical discussions. In a considerable advent, the editors survey the sphere and map out the proper matters and positions.
- Quantifiers and Cognition: Logical and Computational Perspectives
- Syntax and Semantics Volume 33: Long Distance Reflexives
- Nouveaux developpements de l'imparfait (Cahiers Chronos 14)
- Semantic and Lexical Universals: Theory and Empirical Findings
- Illocutionary constructions in English: Cognitive motivation and linguistic realization: A study of the syntactic realizations of the directive, commissive and expressive speech acts in English
Extra resources for Subjectivity and perspective in truth-theoretic semantics
Perhaps the problem is with our assumption that something can be fun for a group only if it is fun for all members of the group. ; a wide variety of options present themselves). This predicts that Mary’s response in () should make sense: () John: Was the roller coaster fun for the boys? Mary: Yes, but some of them hated it. 7 Even if we grant that something can be fun for a group without being fun for all members of the group, however, we still face a problem. , and Mary 7 See Lasersohn () for related discussion, including a non-truth-conditional account of the greater tolerance for exceptions displayed by the than by all the.
For example, if John says “Licorice is tasty,” he would typically be expressing his own taste or opinion, so we might take his utterance as involving indexical reference to John himself, or 1 This chapter roughly follows the presentation in Lasersohn (: sec. ). Subjectivity and Perspective in Truth-Theoretic Semantics. First edition. Peter Lasersohn. © Peter Lasersohn . First published by Oxford University Press. ” This style of analysis was in fact my own ﬁrst impulse when I began thinking about such examples some time ago; I took predicates of personal taste to involve ﬁrst-person indexical reference, essentially on the model of pronouns like I or me.
More speciﬁcally, it should be evident at this point that if φ and ψ are two uses of the sentence Licorice is tasty, where speakeru,φ = John and speakeru,ψ = Mary, then ⦅φ⦆u = [λw . Licorice is tasty for John in w], while ⦅ψ⦆u = [λw . Licorice is tasty for Mary in w]. That is, if John says “Licorice is tasty,” his use of this sentence has as its content the function which maps any world w onto truth iff licorice is tasty for him in w, while if Mary says “Licorice is tasty,” her use of this sentence has as its content the function which maps any world w onto truth iff licorice is tasty for her in w.
- Download Multidimensional semantics of evaluative adverbs by Mingya Liu PDF
- Download Children in the Morning: A Mystery (A Collins-Burke Mystery) by Anne Emery PDF