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By Peter Lasersohn

This e-book explores linguistic and philosophical matters provided by way of sentences expressing own style, comparable to Roller coasters are fun, or Licorice is tasty. normal semantic theories clarify the meanings of sentences by means of specifying the stipulations below which they're actual; right here, Peter Lasersohn asks how we will account for sentences which are serious about concerns of opinion instead of concerns of truth. He argues truth-theoretic semantic concept is suitable even for sentences like those, yet that for such sentences, fact and falsity has to be assigned relative to views, instead of totally. The booklet presents a close and specific formal grammar, understanding the consequences of this notion of fact either for easy sentences and for stories of psychological perspective. The semantic research is paired with a realistic idea explaining what it capability to say a sentence that's precise or fake purely relativistically, and with a speculative account of the sensible motivation for a relativized concept of truth.

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Extra resources for Subjectivity and perspective in truth-theoretic semantics

Sample text

Perhaps the problem is with our assumption that something can be fun for a group only if it is fun for all members of the group. ; a wide variety of options present themselves). This predicts that Mary’s response in () should make sense: () John: Was the roller coaster fun for the boys? Mary: Yes, but some of them hated it. 7 Even if we grant that something can be fun for a group without being fun for all members of the group, however, we still face a problem. , and Mary 7 See Lasersohn () for related discussion, including a non-truth-conditional account of the greater tolerance for exceptions displayed by the than by all the.

For example, if John says “Licorice is tasty,” he would typically be expressing his own taste or opinion, so we might take his utterance as involving indexical reference to John himself, or 1 This chapter roughly follows the presentation in Lasersohn (: sec. ). Subjectivity and Perspective in Truth-Theoretic Semantics. First edition. Peter Lasersohn. © Peter Lasersohn . First published  by Oxford University Press. ” This style of analysis was in fact my own first impulse when I began thinking about such examples some time ago; I took predicates of personal taste to involve first-person indexical reference, essentially on the model of pronouns like I or me.

More specifically, it should be evident at this point that if φ and ψ are two uses of the sentence Licorice is tasty, where speakeru,φ = John and speakeru,ψ = Mary, then ⦅φ⦆u = [λw . Licorice is tasty for John in w], while ⦅ψ⦆u = [λw . Licorice is tasty for Mary in w]. That is, if John says “Licorice is tasty,” his use of this sentence has as its content the function which maps any world w onto truth iff licorice is tasty for him in w, while if Mary says “Licorice is tasty,” her use of this sentence has as its content the function which maps any world w onto truth iff licorice is tasty for her in w.

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