Download Semitic and Indo-European: Volume II: Comparative by Saul Levin PDF

By Saul Levin

It is a sequel to the author's Semitic and Indo-European: The crucial Etymologies (1995). That quantity supplied the foremost examples of morphological correspondences among the Semitic and the Indo-European languages. during this sequel, the writer analyzes correspondences of constitution, both inside a undeniable workforce of languages or belonging to a distantly comparable workforce, by way of taking a look at inflectional morphology, case, grammar, and phonology. hence are exposed the prehistoric technique of oral conversation, linking the forerunners of historical societies in Asia, Africa, and Europe, as they noted cattle or printed a few internal sentiment.

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Additional resources for Semitic and Indo-European: Volume II: Comparative Morphology, Syntax and Phonetics

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If the source was I E , future progress in linguistics may reveal the hidden components of some Semitic roots. But still other sources in prehistoric times are conceivable, about which we are liable to remain forever ignorant. Di. A triconsonantal root with two internal vowels (CVCVC) is on the whole incompatible with EE. ), 8oXtx|ov^ (neuter) 'long', cf. ev|8eXex|és^ 'long-lasting'). ), {daraglam}^ (neuter), with a weak but audible vowel between the second and third consonants. Ca): rCH í t { ?

Ua), w plural imperative ì fl "13 ^ {kir(a)t | ú } — as a root {K(-)r(-)} with a third consonant added for some obscure semantic or morphological purpose. The other Hebrew words that share the two conson­ ants {K(-)r(-)} have meanings unrelated to 'cut'; so the morpheme is not {K(-)r} but {K(-)r(-)T}. ), al­ though matching {kor^nS^} as closely as the phonology of the two languages and r in this noun, and on Arabic ^Jb>_o ^ {maTar|un ), Hebrew "lîŚQ^ (maTŚr) 'rain' — a likely borrowing from prehistoric IE (cf.

The non-verbal noun, {tkam}^ 'earth, ground' in Tokharian (the "A" dialect) with the genitive case {tkanlis} ', undergoes in Greek either a metathesis to a less unwieldy group: xQúv^ [ k t - ] 1 h h i V 8 1 (dative x M ) . Ga-c). or else a reduction from two consonants to one: x M-l ^ ' Ao the ground' Old English, as well as other Germanic languages, has grun\d^ (> ground^), a triconsonantal root + an originally or vestigially feminine end­ ing. The group gr- has probably developed from a proto- or pre-Germanic a *[gz-], rather like the Sanskrit TS"Í*Ī a on ^ {ksám|i} 'on the ground' except for voicing.

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