Download Semantics in Acquisition by Greg Carlson Ph.D.Diss. (auth.), Veerle van Geenhoven (eds.) PDF

By Greg Carlson Ph.D.Diss. (auth.), Veerle van Geenhoven (eds.)

This booklet is exclusive in that it relates linguistic subfields: Semantics and Language Acquisition. the amount encompasses a choice of writings that makes a speciality of semantic phenomena and their interpretation within the research of the language of a learner. the diversity of phenomena which are addressed is big: temporal element and demanding, specificity, quantification, scope, finiteness, concentration constitution, and concentration debris. The variety of languages during which those phenomena are investigated is massive to boot: Dutch, English, German, Inuktitut, Italian, jap, and varnish, to call a number of. the quantity creates a theoretical in addition to an empirical bridge among semantic learn at the one hand and psycholinguistic acquisition reviews at the other.

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Example text

This said, I am going to outline things in these binary terms. Among the closed-class items are not only words, or free forms, but also inflectional morphology and clitics. As the discussion in the previous section indicates, these function items have syntactic/semantic properties not shared by open-class lexical items. Chief among these is that their interpretation may take place at a ‘higher’ level of syntax than the interpretation of their host word (in the case of inflectional morphology and clitics).

The main semantic observation is that bare singulars appear to be nonreferential, in the following way. Consider a situation in which Bob is watching television. , by continuing and then he turned it off and went to bed. However, if we use this sentence as the antecedent of VP ellipsis, consider the result: (19) Bob was watching television, and Fred was, too. There is no reading of this where both had to have been watching exactly the same television set. This is exactly what you would expect if television were treated as a narrow-scope, nonspecific indefinite.

Christmas tree cookie, peanut butter sandwich, baby doll napkin, nursery school book). g. repeated Merge) entails compositionality WATCHING NOUN PHRASES EMERGE 43 We argue that children know this principle and seek recursive structures to differentiate lexical idioms from productive rules by requiring that recursive structures submit to compositional analysis. An important corollary for acquisition is a point of non-compositionality: (18) Merge: No composition is required for the first Merge.

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