By Igor Mel'čuk, David Beck, Alain Polguère
This ebook provides an cutting edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept that language might be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor varieties, or Texts. Semantics is particularly that approach of ideas that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the which means of a family members of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a selected sentence. Framed within the phrases of Meaning-Text linguistics, the current quantity closes the ebook of the 3 quantity sequence. It discusses intimately numerous linguistic notions the most important to the improvement of Meaning-Text versions of common languages: semantic and syntactic actants, executive trend, lexical services, linguistic connotations, phrasemes, the that means of grammatical situations, and linguistic dependencies. The notions lower than research are illustrated from numerous languages. Reflecting the author’s life-long commitment to the research of the semantics and syntax of common language, this publication is a paradigm-shifting contribution to the language sciences, whose originality and bold will make it crucial analyzing for linguists, anthropologists, semioticians, and computational linguists.
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Extra resources for Semantics: From meaning to text
Ii) *nepremenno/*Objazatel´no ždëm ix v četverg lit. expect them on Thursday’. 3. ’. All these complex conditions on the use of NEPREMENNO and OBJAZATEL´NO with ŽDAT´ can be accommodated in the formalism of LFs by using the following non-standard LF: ŽDAT´ ‘expect Y to come’ [‘X ždët Y-a’ = ‘X expects that Y will come where X is/ will be’] … X being ‘I/we’ and Y being ‘you’, there should be no probability of Y’s not coming : nepremenno, objazatel´no | ŽDAT´ is in ind, pres/fut and in an afirmative sentence [in a speech act of invitation] Boguslavskij 1990 also considers another type of circumstantial that has an internal scope, but is lexically unrestricted: (16) My ždali tebja zavtra/s ženoj/iz Moskvy lit.
Illness insurance’, and not *assurance santé ‘health insurance’. How can one account for such data? The propositional form of the verb INSURE is roughly as follows: person X insures X’s Y [= Thing Insured] against Z [= Calamity] with company W The lexical entry for the noun INSURANCE must then contain the following statement: 20 CHAPTER 12. e. what you insure against] is ‘illness’, ‘Z’ is not expressed, but the SemA ‘Y’ (= Thing Insured) must be ‘health’. (And more than that: ‘Y’ must be expressed by the irst component of a compound, and not in any different way: cf.
ACTANTS predicates, which, like semantic names, refer to entities, but like predicates, are binding meanings, for instance, ‘father(John)’, ‘minister(defense, France)’, ‘letter(John, Mary, [about] holidays)’. However, from the viewpoint of this chapter—the presence and behavior of actants—quasi-predicates can be merged with genuine predicates. The concept of predicate as used here is based on the corresponding logical concept, but actually is different from it; all necessary explanations were presented in Vol.
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