Download Semantics: From meaning to text by Igor Mel'čuk, David Beck, Alain Polguère PDF

By Igor Mel'čuk, David Beck, Alain Polguère

This ebook provides an cutting edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept that language might be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor varieties, or Texts. Semantics is particularly that approach of ideas that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the which means of a family members of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a selected sentence. Framed within the phrases of Meaning-Text linguistics, the current quantity closes the ebook of the 3 quantity sequence. It discusses intimately numerous linguistic notions the most important to the improvement of Meaning-Text versions of common languages: semantic and syntactic actants, executive trend, lexical services, linguistic connotations, phrasemes, the that means of grammatical situations, and linguistic dependencies. The notions lower than research are illustrated from numerous languages. Reflecting the author’s life-long commitment to the research of the semantics and syntax of common language, this publication is a paradigm-shifting contribution to the language sciences, whose originality and bold will make it crucial analyzing for linguists, anthropologists, semioticians, and computational linguists.

Show description

Read or Download Semantics: From meaning to text PDF

Similar semantics books

Understanding Cultures through Their Key Words: English, Russian, Polish, German, and Japanese (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics)

During this groundbreaking e-book, Wierzbicka demonstrates that each language has its «key innovations» and that those key ideas mirror the center values of the tradition. extra, she argues that inside of a culture-independent analytical framework you can still learn, examine, or even clarify cultures to outsiders via their key suggestions.

Phrase Structure and Grammatical Relations in Tagalog

Over the past two decades or so, lots of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been desirous about the query of even if those languages might be stated to have grammatical matters, and if that is so which argument of a easy transitive clause will be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical kinfolk reminiscent of topic and item are syntactic notions, and has to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic homes, instead of through semantic roles or discourse features.

Semantics: From meaning to text

This ebook provides an leading edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept language could be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor types, or Texts. Semantics is in particular that procedure of ideas that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the which means of a relatives of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a specific sentence.

Context-Dependence, Perspective and Relativity

This quantity brings jointly unique papers by way of linguists and philosophers at the function of context and viewpoint in language and idea. numerous contributions are concerned about the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in contemporary philosophical discussions. In a considerable advent, the editors survey the sector and map out the proper concerns and positions.

Extra resources for Semantics: From meaning to text

Sample text

Ii) *nepremenno/*Objazatel´no ždëm ix v četverg lit. expect them on Thursday’. 3. ’. All these complex conditions on the use of NEPREMENNO and OBJAZATEL´NO with ŽDAT´ can be accommodated in the formalism of LFs by using the following non-standard LF: ŽDAT´ ‘expect Y to come’ [‘X ždët Y-a’ = ‘X expects that Y will come where X is/ will be’] … X being ‘I/we’ and Y being ‘you’, there should be no probability of Y’s not coming : nepremenno, objazatel´no | ŽDAT´ is in ind, pres/fut and in an afirmative sentence [in a speech act of invitation] Boguslavskij 1990 also considers another type of circumstantial that has an internal scope, but is lexically unrestricted: (16) My ždali tebja zavtra/s ženoj/iz Moskvy lit.

Illness insurance’, and not *assurance santé ‘health insurance’. How can one account for such data? The propositional form of the verb INSURE is roughly as follows: person X insures X’s Y [= Thing Insured] against Z [= Calamity] with company W The lexical entry for the noun INSURANCE must then contain the following statement: 20 CHAPTER 12. e. what you insure against] is ‘illness’, ‘Z’ is not expressed, but the SemA ‘Y’ (= Thing Insured) must be ‘health’. (And more than that: ‘Y’ must be expressed by the irst component of a compound, and not in any different way: cf.

ACTANTS predicates, which, like semantic names, refer to entities, but like predicates, are binding meanings, for instance, ‘father(John)’, ‘minister(defense, France)’, ‘letter(John, Mary, [about] holidays)’. However, from the viewpoint of this chapter—the presence and behavior of actants—quasi-predicates can be merged with genuine predicates. The concept of predicate as used here is based on the corresponding logical concept, but actually is different from it; all necessary explanations were presented in Vol.

Download PDF sample

Download Semantics: From meaning to text by Igor Mel'čuk, David Beck, Alain Polguère PDF
Rated 4.69 of 5 – based on 18 votes