By Fatma Muge Gocek
What are the reasons of imperial decline? This paintings stories the Ottoman empire within the 18th and nineteenth centuries to argue that the Ottoman imperial decline resulted from a mixture of Ottoman inner dynamics with exterior impacts. in particular, it contends that the cut up in the Ottoman social constitution throughout ethno-religious strains interacted with the results of battle and trade with the West to supply a bifurcated Ottoman bourgeoisie. This bourgeoisie, divided into disparate advertisement and bureaucratic parts, was once in a position to problem the sultan yet used to be eventually not able to salvage the empire. as a substitute, the Ottoman empire was once changed via the Turkish countryside and others within the Balkans and the center East. This paintings will attract scholars of sociology and Ottoman reviews.
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Extra resources for Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change
The sultan's household was organized into inner and outer sections (Kunt 1983: 6). These sections together comprised the core of the state apparatus; the royal household and state organization were synonymous. The palace pages served the sultan's person in the inner section as they trained for positions in the outer section. As the pages completed their training and left the palace, the sultan allocated them administrative offices in accordance with their abilities and dispositions. These positions often entailed posts within or outside the palace.
14 The libraries in the palace helped advance the state of knowledge of the pages. The aim of the palace education was to transform these pages into administrators loyal to the sultan. The sultan's household was organized into inner and outer sections (Kunt 1983: 6). These sections together comprised the core of the state apparatus; the royal household and state organization were synonymous. The palace pages served the sultan's person in the inner section as they trained for positions in the outer section.
The grand vezir was the sultan's representative and absolute deputy in civil administration. All administrative officials had to report to him, with the exception of the commander of the Janissary soldiers and the highest religious official—these two had direct access to the sultan (inalcik 1973: 99-100). The power of the grand vezir increased through the centuries as the Ottoman state expanded, and the vezir's household members expanded their power bases with him. The origin of the Ottoman bureaucracy was embedded in the grand vezir's household: his was the first office-household to pattern itself after the sultan's household.
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