Download Questions in Dynamic Semantics (Current Research in the by Maria Aloni, Alastair Butler, Paul Dekker PDF

By Maria Aloni, Alastair Butler, Paul Dekker

The examine of questions and solutions is hard for varied fields of theoretical linguistics, good judgment, analytical philosophy, and extra lately machine technology. examine into questions and solutions addresses previous and increases new and demanding questions on the semantics / pragmatics interface and concerning the dynamics of interpretation. This ebook brings jointly present paintings at the subject because it has been constructed in Amsterdam, and congenial educational websites, over the last 15 years. Amsterdam is likely one of the breeding grounds for the formal learn of good judgment and language, for dynamic semantics, and for the learn of questions and solutions. It covers the foremost problems with pragmatic/semantic research, together with logical relatives, context dependence, info constitution, and extra. It illustrates how semantic/pragmatic stance can be utilized for difficulties in different components of linguistic theorising.

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Extra info for Questions in Dynamic Semantics (Current Research in the Semantics Pragmatics Interface)

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In accordance with the Gricean program, Groenendijk sets out to make logic and pragmatics 13 The classical Greek word was used for a wide variety of concepts such as lan­ guage, understanding, reason, doctrine, structure, and principle. The Semantics and Pragmatics of Questions / 29 meet, and to account for particular aspects of games of information ex­ change. The core notion here is not that of a logically valid conclusion, but that of a ‘pertinent’ move in a dialogue game. In order to lay bare the very characteristics of them, Groenendijk focuses on a very specific type of dialogue game, with two players, the interrogator and the witness, each of which has its own obvious role to play.

22 / Paul Dekker, Maria Aloni and Alastair Butler . {w | ∀d ∈ D: d ∈ Iw (C) iff d = Iw (j)} = {w | Iw (C) = {Iw (j)}} Clearly, if “Judy” is rigid, say Iw (j) = d for any possibility w, this is one of the full possible answers, namely the proposition true in those w such that Iw (C) = {d}. If, however, “Judy” were not rigid, the reply would not correspond to any of the possible answers to our question. The above example shows that there are good reasons for a rigid interpretation of names, or individual constants.

The results, it must be observed, are similar to the observations from J¨ ager on only, and it must be emphasized, as Groenendijk himself notices, that ‘real discourse’ can be much more flexible and creative than artificial mod­ els are. In this respect the empirical data on intonation reported by ˇ aˇ a are rather telling. Saf´rov´ Balder Ten Cate and Chung-chieh Shan provide an axiomatiza­ tion of Groenendijk’s logic of interrogation which is both logically and linguistically most interesting. Groenendijk’s notion of entailment can be captured by means of the logical notion of interpolation, and more in particular in terms of Evert Beth’s definability theorem.

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