By P. G. Eliseev (auth.), Academician D. V. Skobel’tsyn (eds.)
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Additional resources for Quantum Electronics in Lasers and Masers: Part 2
The "anomaly" of zinc diffusion is attributable, as in other similar situations, to the presence of two or more diffusion particle flows affecting the local concentration of acceptor centers. The transfer of zinc atoms is mostly realized by the transfer of interstitial atoms (neutral or donor centers), whereas the acceptors constitute a substitutional fraction formed as the result of interaction with gallium vacancies. The equilibrium concentrations and diffusion coefficients of the two zinc fractions differ by several orders of magnitude .
The band filled with majority carriers remains essentially unchanged when the surplus carrier concentration can be neglected relative to the equilibrium concentration. 27) Hence it follows that the shift will be greater for whichever band corresponds to the lower density of states. 28) for the density of states in a parabolic band (the energy is measured from the edge into the depth of the band). Along the same line the effective mass also affects the densities of states in the tails and impurity bands adjacent to the edges of the fundamental bands.
7kT as long as the Fermi level is far below Em. Upon transition to degeneracy the band begins to broaden, continuing to do so with increasing F. In the case of strong degeneracy 6E depends only weakly on T. These results are summarized in Table 2. Thus far we have considered functions p endowed with the property that dlnp/dE diminishes with increasing energy. Consequently, the point Em decreases smoothly on the energy scale with increasing kT. If, on the other hand, it is assumed that regions are present in which the log slope of p increases, it becomes possible in a certain interval of temperatures and excitation levels for Em to skip over the interval in which dlnp/dE > l/kT and for the line to split into two peaks, one of which corresponds to degenerate filling, the other to nondegenerate filling.
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