By Steven G. Koven
This e-book is a consultant to public quarter ethics masking the main stumbling blocks and stigmas in the box. for instance, the ethics and ideas of habit will vary significantly in an trouble-free lecture room as opposed to a public library or a sanitation course or a battlefield. The booklet bargains macro and native point ripped-from-the-headline kind examples spanning components akin to whistle-blowing, public reliable scandal and resignation, even the age outdated stigma "are govt staff lazy?"
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Extra info for Public Sector Ethics: Theory and Applications
Rawls states that the veil of ignorance is designed to “nullify the effects of special contingencies which put men at odds and tempt them to exploit social and natural circumstances to their own advantage” (Rawls 1971, 136). Behind the veil, a person will know nothing of where in society or history they will be located and nothing of their gender, race, wealth, interests, tastes, temperaments, nor anything of the society they reside (size, quality, weather, population, technology). Such ignorance makes calculation of payoffs impossible and mandates neutrality in people’s thinking.
Kant viewed civil government as a relationship of free men who are nonetheless subject to the law. People are thought to be self-legislating and autonomous. The system of rule is legitimated on the basis of a social contract (Guyer 2006, 280; Scruton 2001, 118). For Kant, implementation of a representative republican government is the best strategy for avoiding despotism (Jaspers 1962, 110, 111). Minority rights should be protected. Kant felt that a representative republic of the free individuals would encourage a healthy skepticism of authority, promote individual conscience, and promote progress (Scruton 2001, 113).
He felt that because human nature contained the seeds of both good and evil, moral progress depended on weeding out the evil and cultivating the good. This could be accomplished by stressing the concept of duty, rather than rewards and punishments. Kant believed that a just God exists and because happiness does not always relate to virtue the balance between virtue and happiness will be restored by a deity in the future. 3 Perspectives on the Role of Government Kant supported the idea of a community of rational beings united by common laws.
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