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By Garrison W. Cottrell

This quantity positive aspects the total textual content of all standard papers, posters, and summaries of symposia provided on the 18th annual assembly of the Cognitive technology Society. Papers were loosely grouped by way of subject, and an writer index is supplied within the again. In hopes of facilitating searches of this paintings, an digital index at the Internet's world-wide-web is supplied. Titles, authors, and summaries of all of the papers released the following were positioned in a web database that may be freely searched by means of somebody. you could achieve the website at: http://www.cse.ucsd.edu/events/cogsci96/proceedings. you'll view the desk of contents for this quantity at the LEA website at: http://www.erlbaum.com.

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Extra info for Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Cognitive Science Society (Us) Conference//Proceedings)

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Dr. Gerhard Strube, Univ. Freiburg (IIG) IK 2001 Experience-Based Problem Solving o frequently, similar problems are encountered m m m o It helps to remember how similar problems were successfully dealt with in the past – plus some adjustment to the current situation Case-based reasoning: find most similar case, adapt solution Schema-based reasoning: from several similar cases, a general abstract schema is generated mixed forms of reasoning m Knowledge acquisition works best from a mixture of general (rule-based) knowledge and individual examples (cases) m General, fundamental knowledge (model-based reasoning) helps whenever heuristic rules fail © G.

G. Strube, Univ. Freiburg Introduction to Cognitive Science Introduction to Cognitive Science 64 32 Prof. Dr. Gerhard Strube, Univ. Freiburg (IIG) IK 2001 Language-Specific Knowledge o We produce and understand utterances on the basis of regularities that are described by linguistics. , Lexicon + Morphology + Syntax) is descriptive, not normative (not a school grammar book, which is prescriptive) This basis is Language-Specific Knowledge (LSK). LSK: grammatic (lexical, morphological, syntactic) knowledge, semantic knowledge (re.

Dr. Gerhard Strube, Univ. Freiburg (IIG) IK 2001 Explicit Knowledge Acquisition o What kind of learning is it? , ca. 1980) happens: A package of rules that have often been executed together is compiled into one unit of procedural knowledge, an action schema. Extended further training may lead to further, smaller improvements, fine-tuning (Anderson: ‘honing’) the schema. G. Strube, Univ. Freiburg Kognitive Entwicklung 87 What is Expertise? , pop groups, tennis... , 1983) In problem solving, they know well whether they are near the solution or not (metacognition: Gruber & Strube, 1988) General intelligence can only partly compensate for expertise Bottom line: Experts just outperform non-experts G.

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