By Adam J. Silverstein
Adam Silverstein's e-book deals a desirable account of the reliable equipment of communique hired within the close to East from pre-Islamic instances in the course of the Mamluk interval. Postal structures have been organize by means of rulers with a purpose to continue keep watch over over massive tracts of land. those structures, invented centuries earlier than steam-engines or vehicles, enabled the quick stream of other commodities - from letters, humans and horses to unique end result and ice. because the correspondence transported usually integrated personal reviews from a ruler's provinces, such postal platforms doubled as espionage-networks during which information reached the important gurus quick sufficient to permit a well timed response to occasions. The publication sheds gentle not just at the position of communications expertise in Islamic heritage, but additionally on how nomadic tradition contributed to empire-building within the close to East. it is a long-awaited contribution to the heritage of pre-modern communications platforms within the close to japanese global.
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Additional info for Postal Systems in the Pre-Modern Islamic World
1404, 1406, 1477, and 1803. 18 The pre-Islamic background envoys is ‘trustworthy’ (ustuv ar or r ast-g u). The trustworthiness of envoys is echoed in other Sasanid-era sources that refer to envoys as being ‘the trusty ˇ ıre d-malk ones of the king’ (Syriac: sar a)53 or ‘secret-bearers’ (Pahlavi: 54 r azb an). Of more relevance to this study are the simple postal couriers of whom only speed was required. ım ba-s usım) that we have encountered in the Book of Esther, and which Saqadiya chose to translate as bur ud.
300–1450, Cambridge, 1985, p. 609). R. , 1975, passim, esp. p. 26. The sudden disappearance of milestones from the roads of the Byzantine Near East during this period also indicates a decline in the state of imperial routes on the eve of Islam (cf. B. Isaac, ‘Trade Routes to Arabia and the Roman Presence in the Desert’, in T. ), LpArabie ´ preislamique et son environment historique et culturel, Leiden, 1989, pp. 241–56 at p. 248; and A. Kazhdan, ‘Milestone’, in ODB, p. 1372). Leo is said to have abolished the Cursus Clabularis in the prefecture of Oriens in 467–8 (J.
For this term and for the postal system that spawned it, we must turn westwards, to the Roman Empire. 126 127 128 129 132 For this possibility, see R. Coxon, ‘Ashpenaz’ in ABD vol. I pp. 490–1. Jastrow, Sefer millım, p. 36a; and Sokoloff, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, p. 99. Masq udı, Mur uj al-dhahab wa maq adin al-jawhar, Beirut, 1965, vol. I, p. 309, x626 (Khusroˆ I) and vol. I, p. 320, x650 (Khusroˆ II). SN pp. 1757–64. , p. 1990. , pp. 1870, and 1929. The term angaria has survived into modern times with the meaning of ‘forced labour’ (in Y.
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