Download Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America: by Alex Segura-Ubiergo PDF

By Alex Segura-Ubiergo

Reports the expansion of social welfare structures in Latin the US considering that 1979.

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Extra info for Political Economy of the Welfare State in Latin America: Globalization, Democracy, and Development

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These are some of the questions that are considered. Second, a TSCS data set that includes fourteen Latin American countries from 1973 to 2003 is used to explore the relationships among globalization, democracy, and the balance of partisan power on social expenditures. The main structural equation is given by the following: Yi,t = ␣ + X i,t−1 ␤k + ␾(Yi,t−1 − X i,t−1 ϒ) + εi,t , where Yi,t is social expenditures in country i during year t, is the first differences operator, X is a vector of independent variables, and εi,t is a white-noise error term.

5 The development of social insurance in Latin America reflected rather closely this constellation of forces. Coverage started with the military, civil servants, and judiciary. For example, pensions for military officers and high-level civil servants were typically established in the early independence period. 6 Next followed the liberal professions and workers in the best 4 5 6 Mesa-Lago’s work (1978, 1989, 2000) provides an impressive amount of data and carefully designed case studies, which are fundamental for the analyst doing comparative work in Latin America.

Economic theories of the welfare state such as “the logic of industrialism” and “Wagner’s Law” argue that the welfare state emerges in the process of industrialization, which generates deep transformations of socioeconomic structures that involve dislocations in the family and work relations. Because many vulnerable persons are no longer able to obtain traditional support from family members, the state expands to provide social welfare support and thus becomes a mechanism to meet the needs of the population.

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