Download Phrase Structure and Grammatical Relations in Tagalog by Paul Kroeger PDF

By Paul Kroeger

During the last two decades or so, many of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been all in favour of the query of even if those languages will be stated to have grammatical matters, and if that is so which argument of a simple transitive clause could be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical kinfolk akin to topic and item are syntactic notions, and needs to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic houses, instead of via semantic roles or discourse capabilities. various syntactic methods in Tagalog uniquely decide upon the argument which bears the nominative case. nevertheless, the knowledge that have been utilized in the talk to claim the anomaly of subjecthood are most sensible analysed when it comes to semantic instead of syntactic constraints. jointly those evidence help an research that takes the nominative argument because the topic. Kroeger examines the historical past of the subjecthood debate and makes use of info from Tagalog to check the theories which have been placed forth. His conclusions entail effects for sure linguistic strategies and theories, and lead Kroeger to say that grammatical family members are usually not outlined by way of floor word constitution configurations, opposite to the assumptions of many ways to syntax together with the Government-Binding thought. Paul Kroeger is shortly doing fieldwork in Austronesian languages and instructing linguistics to fieldworkers from all over the world.

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Phrase Structure and Grammatical Relations in Tagalog

During the last two decades or so, many of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been all for the query of even if those languages will be stated to have grammatical topics, and if that is so which argument of a uncomplicated transitive clause may be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical family comparable to topic and item are syntactic notions, and needs to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic houses, instead of through semantic roles or discourse capabilities.

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Extra resources for Phrase Structure and Grammatical Relations in Tagalog

Sample text

El artículo de J. M. González Calvo (1999: 11-31) para aclarar conceptos como lengua literaria, lenguaje literario, uso literario, registro literario, etc. 2 El lenguaje poético tiende a distanciarse, aunque en muy diferentes grados, del lenguaje corriente y puede llegar al límite de lo agramatical y de lo hermético. Pero esa distancia no es fruto del capricho ni apunta, desde luego, al disparate. El poema ‘habla’ así porque no puede hacerlo de otra forma (más comprensible), porque no se propone en realidad hablar, sino ‘decir’: revelar una verdad, realizar un descubrimiento.

En la interpretación de lo dicho se aplica el principio de confianza, y esto se hace, porque se supone que el hablar tiene que ser coherente y porque en este aspecto se tiene confianza en los otros. Si la congruencia no es la habitual, suponemos otra congruencia. Esto sucede constantemente en el análisis del discurso literario. Las frases siguientes22: «En el desayuno me he tomado ocho fonemas; Este árbol canta hermosas canciones de Navidad; He guisado mi viejo piano», sorprenden negativamente, pero no porque no se diga en español, sino porque no coincide con nuestro conocimiento normal de las cosas ni con nuestro conocimiento del comportamiento habitual, no absurdo.

Los principios generales del pensamiento y el conocimiento general de las cosas son válidos en principio sin límite alguno; pero pueden, sin embargo, ser anulados por las lenguas particulares. Así, también veíamos cómo el principio de que la negación de una negación corresponde a una afirmación es válido antes de la diversidad de las tradiciones lingüísticas. A todo hablar es aplicable que cuando negamos lo negado estamos afirmando lo contrario de lo que es negado. Las lenguas particulares, sin embargo, pueden anular este principio.

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