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By Wade C. Savage, C. Wade Savage, Minnesota University Center for Research in Human Learning, Minnesota Center for Philosophy of Science

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Extra resources for Perception and Cognition: Issues in the Foundations of Psychology (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science)

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Accounts based on pos­ iting the manipulation of internal analogues are invariably more natural and are independently motivated by the observation that the same laws of perception and transformation can be applied to the internal representation as are known to apply to external stimuli. My response to this is threefold. , judgments) occurring during perception bear some strong relation to cognitive operations occurring during imaging. On this account both involve the further processing of these internal descriptions.

1 9 1 ) has argued that such indeterminateness is not problematic for a pictoral view of images. Fodor's argument rests on a recognition that the content of a mental representation is al­ ways relative to some interpretation . This is precisely the point we have been discussing above (as well as in Pylyshyn, in press) . Let us look briefly at Fodor's argument that what we call images can reasonably be understood as indeterminate. What makes my stick figure an image of a tiger is not that it looks much like one (my drawings of tigers don't look much like tigers either) but rather that it's my image, so I'm the one who gets to say what it's an image of.

Various phenomena that appear early in life and seem to be resistent to learn­ ing-such as figure-ground separation, certain illusions, gestalt laws of pragnanz, and perhaps some stereoscopic and temporal integra­ tion-may be identified with this phase. Roughly speaking, processes such as that which J ulesz (1971) refers to as "cyclopean vision" or IMAGERY AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 21 which Hochberg ( 1 968) has characterized a s the "mind's eye" in perception may occur immediately after this stage.

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