By Miri Shefer-Mossensohn
First paintings in English dedicated to medication within the Ottoman global.
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Additional info for Ottoman Medicine: Healing and Medical Institutions, 1500-1700
Moreover, humoralism and Prophetic medicine each had a unique written literary genre. Popular medicine emphasized techniques and results, not bookish learning and the accumulation of knowledge. In addition to the different modes of legitimacy and theoretical and practical concepts of disease and health, each system had its own corps of specialist healers. The Ottomans might have been familiar . utadgu Bilig (Knowledge That Brings Happiness), a political essay that, in an Islamic setting, describes an ideal monarchy.
This medicine based itself on the physical and philosophical metatheory of the four elements. The human body was understood to correspond with this theory, as it is a microcosm of nature. The body consists therefore of four humors, or ﬂuids, the physiological building blocks of the body: blood (air), phlegm (water), black bile (earth), and yellow bile (ﬁre). In the case of illness, which is a state of imbalance in the body, it was up to the humoralist physician to diagnose which of the four humors was in excess or deﬁcient.
Mechanistic medicine, based on humoralism inherited from Greek antiquity, is another medical tradition present in the Ottoman medical system. This tradition asserted its legitimacy by drawing on the scientiﬁc treatises of the sages of antiquity, the patronage of a Muslim urban elite, and the dominant role it played in the intellectual and literary discourses of famous medical ﬁgures. This medicine based itself on the physical and philosophical metatheory of the four elements. The human body was understood to correspond with this theory, as it is a microcosm of nature.
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