By Ralph A. Litzinger
In different Chinas Ralph A. Litzinger investigates the politics of ethnic id in postsocialist China. via combining leading edge examine with huge fieldwork performed in the course of the past due Eighties and early Nineties in south-central and southwestern China, Litzinger presents an in depth ethnography of the region’s Yao inhabitants so one can query how minority teams are represented in China. specifically, he makes a speciality of how elite contributors of this minority inhabitants have represented their very own tradition, historical past, and id to a number of chinese language and Western observers. Litzinger starts via describing how throughout the Republican interval the Yao have been thought of a perilous those who most popular to consort with beasts and goblins instead of take part the making of a contemporary state. He then compares this to the communist revolutionaries’ view of the Yao as extraordinary rebels and confident examples of subaltern company. Litzinger indicates how students, govt staff, communist social gathering officers, and Taoist ritual experts have stimulated the numerous depictions of the Yao and, in doing so, he advances a brand new knowing of either the Yao and the results of respectable discourse, written histories, kingdom coverage, and practices of minority empowerment. as well as examining problems with ritual perform, social order, morality, and the governance of ethnic populations, Litzinger considers the Yao’s position within the cultural reforms of the Nineteen Eighties. through distancing his research from romanticized depictions of minorities Litzinger is ready to specialise in how minority illustration! , fight, and company have motivated the heritage of the People’s Republic, cultural debates inside modern chinese language society, and China’s speedily altering function within the worldwide order. This ebook could be of curiosity to Asianists in either anthropology and cultural experiences and will attraction extra in most cases to students invested in problems with ethnic id, minority politics, and transnationalism.
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Extra resources for Other Chinas: The Yao and the Politics of National Belonging
49 He calls this a shift to the problem of ethics, one that moves away from coercive practices to those that seek to transform the self and attain a certain mode of being within the structures and discourses provided in any given regime. This new axis of genealogical practice constitutes a major shift from his earlier emphasis on ﬁelds of power in which individuals could be conceived only as nodal points—where individuals are ‘‘constituted in the ﬁrst place,’’ as Scott put it. Although individual action is still situated in cultural and institutional systems that organize the commonsensical way things are done, individuals are granted more agency: they can critically and reﬂectively detach themselves from these systems and sometimes modify them.
According to Stalin, a nation was a stable community of people that had evolved over time. The people of this nation were to have a common language, live in a common territory, and have a common economic life. 10 Although the Han were oﬃcially considered a nationality, they were rarely called a minzu. In everyday speech, this term began to refer only to minorities. Despite the ’s declarations that the battle against ‘‘big Han chauvinism’’ would be waged on all fronts, the fact is that the Han were considered by many to be the most socially advanced of all of China’s peoples, the most educated, and the most worthy of Party membership.
The concept of the ‘‘margins’’ has similarly appeared in the past decade as a key term in writings on the politics of nationalism, postcolonialism, and modern forms of disciplinary power. 30 The margins are frequently used to refer to the excluded, the silenced, the subjugated, and the forgotten, especially in textual approaches to power that focus on the discursive construction of cultural, social, and political subjects. 31 The question of how to rethink the interplay between domination and resistance is at the heart of many of these approaches to the margins.
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