By Nazan Maksudyan
Background books usually weave stories of emerging and falling empires, royal dynasties, and wars between robust countries. right here, Maksudyan succeeds in making people who find themselves farthest faraway from energy the lead actors during this background. concentrating on orphans and destitute formative years of the past due Ottoman Empire, the writer provides voice to these childrens who've lengthy been ignored. Their stories and views shed new mild on many major advancements of the overdue Ottoman interval, supplying an alternate narrative that acknowledges young children as ancient agents.
Maksudyan takes the reader from the intimate international of little one foundlings to the bigger overseas context of missionary orphanages, all whereas targeting Ottoman modernization, urbanization, citizenship, and the upkeep of order and safety. Drawing upon archival files, she explores the ways that the therapy of orphans intersected with welfare, hard work, and nation development within the Empire. through the booklet, Maksudyan doesn't lose sight of her lead actors, and the effect of the youngsters is often current if we easily hear and spot rigorously as Maksudyan so convincingly argues.
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Additional info for Orphans and Destitute Children in the Late Ottoman Empire
Forsaken members of the population, including poor and needy children, all of a sudden became important. Destitute children and orphans had incremental value, as questions of citizenship and identity construction redeﬁned the “control” over children as a modernist project. However, they were not only objects of social control and discipline. 29 Many of the pressing questions of modernity, such as administrative efficiency and centralization; economic reform and industrialization; new gender regimes; management of time and space; ethnic, religious, and national identities; and philanthropic state engagements were all reﬂected in discourses and policies regarding children in need.
33 In addition, the Capucin Archives (Archives des Capucins, AC)34 and Lazarist Archives (Archives Historiques de la Congrégation de la Mission, AHCM)35 were also part of the research agenda. Several missionary periodicals were also among the primary sources consulted in this research. These weekly or monthly publications contained original letters and reports of the missionaries. 36 Another periodical of the ABCFM was a weekly, The Orient, which was published from 1910 to 1922 by the Bible House of Istanbul.
Though traditionally disregarded and ignored, the history of children cannot be separated from political, social, economic, and cultural processes that were conceived as essentially pertaining to the lives of adults. This book is written with the conviction that historically relevant developments and discourses of the nineteenth century, such as urbanization, welfare policies, the growth of urban workshops/factories, along with domestic labor, imagined statehood, and nationhood, can be reconceptualized, rewritten, and better comprehended if children are rescued from oblivion.
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