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By Derek A. Denton, John P. Coghlan

Olfaction and flavor V

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Similar results were obtained in a cougar Felis concolor fed deer meat containing the same toxic dose (Gustavson and Garcia, 1974). Both species displayed the "disgust reactions" characteristic of their species to the test meal. The coyotes either urinated on the hamburger, buried it or rolled on it as they do with putrid and fecal material. The cougar shook all four paws in rotation and retched as it walked away. Rats display similar disgust reactions to bitter food and to food associated with toxicosis.

8,1-42. H. 1896. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard. 29,107-119. Patten, W. 1894. Quart. J. Micro. Sei. 35,1-96. P. P. 1971. Evolution. 25, 692-701. Schaeffer, A. 1910. J. Exp. Zool. 8,75-132. Sheldon, R. 1909. J. Comp. Neurol. 19, 273-311. F. 1966. Science. 153,1205-1213. G. 1968. ) Rahway, New Jersey. Wells, M. 1963. J. Exp. Biol. 40,187-193. 45 Temporal Patterns of Liquid Intake and Gustatory Neural Responses Bruce P. A. Terrestrial vertebrates who drink external liquids use two mechanisms: licking and sucking.

Rat gustatory neural responses have a low noise, rapidly rising, early phasic component, with a concentration-dependent slope (7). The response reaches maximum magnitude within a few hundred msec after stimulus presentation (2, 4, 7, 12). The early phasic component may provide sufficient neural input for some taste decisions (7,13). Comparable observations on the time course of human gustatory neural responses are not available. Long time-constant 49 B. HALPERN Table 2 Median licking parameters for seven rats contacting NaCl solution (505 mM) for the 1st time.

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