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By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

OECD experiences of Innovation coverage supply a accomplished overview of the innovation procedure of person OECD member and non-member nations, targeting the position of coverage and govt. The chinese language executive has introduced a countrywide technique to construct an innovation-driven economic climate and society by way of 2020. Will China be capable of reach making this tough transition? This document assesses the present prestige of Chinas nationwide innovation procedure and rules, and recommends advancements required in either the coverage and institutional environments for China to achieve selling innovation via a market-based approach.

Table of content material :

Introduction government precis half I. SYNTHESIS record half II. THEMATIC CHAPTERS bankruptcy 1. Institutional Set-Up, functionality, pursuits and Key demanding situations -Annex 1.A. China's Innovation coverage in response to the european development Chart Innovation coverage method bankruptcy 2. Innovation and R&D in China's enterprise area bankruptcy three. China's Public learn Institutes bankruptcy four. and technology kinfolk -Annex 4.A1. comparability of Tsinghua collage and Chongqing collage -Annex 4.A2. The Shanghai Institutes for organic Sciences (SIB), CAS -Annex 4.A3. Incubators in Shanghai -Annex 4.A4. Shanghai Yangpu Incubator -Annex 4.A5. Networking enterprise Incubators bankruptcy five. China and the Globalisation of study and improvement bankruptcy 6. Human assets for technological know-how, know-how and Innovation in China bankruptcy 7. nearby Innovation structures in China: Insights from Shanghai, Sichuan and Liaoning bankruptcy eight. The Evolution of China's technological know-how and know-how coverage 1975-2007 bankruptcy nine. Framework stipulations for Innovation bankruptcy 10. Governance and the position of presidency within the chinese language nationwide Innovation method bankruptcy eleven. chinese language learn and improvement Programmes for technology and expertise half III. ANNEXES Annex A. Statistical Annex Annex B. nearby Innovation platforms and coverage in Chengdu, Province of Sichuan Annex C. 3 Case reports on foreign R&D actions in China Annex D. Public Procurement and Innovation: OECD adventure and Reflections on China Annex E. Bureaucratic process and Negotiation community: A Theoretical Framework for China's business coverage Annex F. China's rules for Encouraging the Indigenous Innovation of businesses Annex G. Agendas -Final convention at the assessment of China's nationwide Innovation process: household demanding situations and international Integration -High point overseas company Symposium on China and R&D Globalisation: Integration and Mutual Benefits

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In an international comparison, assessing the level of Chinese R&D expenditures based on current exchange rates (USD 36 billion in 2006) obviously underestimates the relative size of China’s R&D effort. However, using the conversion rate for GDP to calculate R&D expenditures at purchasing power parity (PPP) is also misleading because the relative prices of research equipment and the relative wages of researchers are very different from average relative capital costs and wages, although the available statistics do not allow for an accurate quantitative estimate.

Over the past 15 years the Chinese economy has expanded by an average of around 10% a year (Figure 1), and its macroeconomic performance remains strong (Table 1). Today, China is the world’s fourth largest economy. It is home to about one-fifth of the world’s population and is regaining its former historic place in the world economy. • Economic growth has led to a significant increase in income per capita, and an impressive reduction in poverty levels has given large numbers of people the opportunity to escape extreme poverty.

OECD REVIEWS OF INNOVATION POLICY: CHINA – ISBN 978-92-64-03981-0 © OECD 2008 SYNTHESIS REPORT – 49 Benchmarking the size, growth and potential of China’s innovation system The national dimension Figure 16 provides a snapshot of the Chinese innovation system, comparing its size and growth to certain OECD countries using a mix of input and output indicators. Figures 17 and 18 provide detailed information regarding the R&D component. • China is already a major S&T player in terms of inputs to innovation.

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