Download Naturalizing Phenomenology by Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud and PDF

By Jean Petitot, Francisco J. Varela, Bernard Pachoud and Jean-Michel Roy (eds.)

This bold paintings goals to shed new gentle at the family members among Husserlian phenomenology and the present-day efforts towards a systematic thought of cognition—with its complicated constitution of disciplines, degrees of clarification, and conflicting hypotheses.

The book’s fundamental objective isn't to give a brand new exegesis of Husserl’s writings, even though it doesn't brush off the significance of such interpretive and important paintings. fairly, the individuals investigate the level to which the type of phenomenological research Husserl initiated favors the development of a systematic idea of cognition, relatively in contributing to express modern theories both through complementing or by means of wondering them. What essentially emerges is that Husserlian phenomenology can't develop into instrumental in constructing cognitive technology with no present process a considerable transformation. accordingly, the critical difficulty of this publication is not just the growth of latest theories of cognition but additionally the reorientation of Husserlian phenomenology.

Because a unmarried quantity may by no means surround the various points of this twin goal, the individuals concentrate on the difficulty of naturalization. this angle is far-reaching adequate to permit for the insurance of an excellent number of subject matters, starting from basic constructions of intentionality, to the character of the founding epistemological and ontological ideas of cognitive technological know-how, to analyses of temporality and belief and the mathematical modeling in their phenomenological description.

This e-book, then, is a collective mirrored image at the risk of using a naturalized Husserlian phenomenology to give a contribution to a systematic idea of cognition that fills the explanatory hole among the phenomenological brain and mind.

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2) we sketched out a hypothesis about the general meaning of naturalization which carries substantial implications for an answer to this question.

On the one hand, this investigation should be not only descriptive but also explanatory and naturalist in the sense of accounting for the existence and nature of phenomenological data on the basis of lower levels of explanation, and in particular of the mathematical models of the neurobiological level of explanation. On the other hand, Husserlian phenomenology is intrinsically rooted in a perspective quite at variance with that of naturalist explanation, and in fact quite opposed to it. Once again, far from being a new branch of the natural sciences, Husserlian phenomenology claims to incarnate a new sort of knowledge epistemologically and ontologically different from them, and furthermore capable of founding them all.

Second, he readily admits that his transcendentalist conception of the constitution of natural objects is logically compatible with a realist and causal theory of perception in the sphere of the natural attitude (cf. 2). Finally, by maintaining the necessity for a psychology understood as an empirical investigation of embodied pure lived experiences and at the same time requiring that psychological theories be founded upon and consonant with phenomenological descriptions of pure lived experiences, he accepts the idea that descriptions with an identical content but a different epistemological value can be achieved within the natural attitude.

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