By Stephan Hartmann (ed.), Luc Bovens (ed.), Carl Hoefer (ed.)
Very good introductory bankruptcy with evaluation of Cartwright's works in philosophy of technological know-how and economics. a suite of papers from a workshop in Germany, the philosophy professors proposing the papers are from continental Europe, united kingdom, Canada, and united states so there's a wider diversity of perspectives than has been ordinary in philosophy. Cartwright offers a written reaction to every paper, which starts with a number of sentence precis of the paper, prior to offering her perspectives. a few papers disagree along with her. one could research much via analyzing purely the creation bankruptcy plus her responses when you lack time to learn the total e-book. For me this booklet is easily worthy its excessive rate.
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Additional resources for Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science
Indeed, theories only apply to empirical phenomena via models, just as Cartwright proposed. A theory crucially depends on its concrete instantiations for having roots in the empirical world. 20 Notes 1. I use the term description here in a wide sense that is not restricted to descriptions having to be propositional. This is why, in my terminology, a toy aeroplane can be a description of a real aeroplane. 2. In contrast to the toy aeroplane, such theoretical models tend to describe a phenomenon in the form of propositions, propositions that derive their form from theories.
1966) Models and Analogies in Science, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. Morrison, M. C. (1998) ‘Modelling nature: Between physics and the physical world’, Philosophia Naturalis, 35: 65–85. Morrison, M. , and M. S. Morgan. (1999) ‘Models as mediating instruments’, in M. Morgan and M. Morrison (eds) Models as Mediators, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , and G. Gale. (2000) ‘Philosophy of science and history of science: A troubling interaction’, Journal for General Philosophy of Science/Zeitschrift für allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie, 31:109–125.
Of course, it makes no sense to determine a fraction of propositions that need to be true in order for the model to count as true. Rather, if one wants to talk of the truth of models, one would have to say that certain propositions are more central for the “message” captured by the model and that it is therefore more important for these propositions to be true than for others, considering the overall truth of the model (Bailer-Jones 2003). Correspondingly, the majority of models would only ever achieve the predicate “roughly true”, which is obviously not the same as true.
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