By Oliver Sacks
With a similar trademark compassion and erudition he dropped at the fellow Who Mistook His spouse for a Hat, Oliver Sacks explores where song occupies within the mind and the way it impacts the human situation. In Musicophilia, he indicates us a number of what he calls “musical misalignments.” between them: a guy struck through lightning who abruptly wants to turn into a pianist on the age of forty-two; a complete crew of youngsters with Williams syndrome, who're hypermusical from start; individuals with “amusia,” to whom a symphony appears like the clattering of pots and pans; and a guy whose reminiscence spans simply seven seconds-for every little thing yet tune. Illuminating, inspiring, and totally unforgettable, Musicophilia is Oliver Sacks' most recent masterpiece.
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Extra info for Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain
I will not use the terms sympathetic and parasympathetic in a global sense, as may be inferred from the work of Cannon (1939), Hess (1948) and others and is still commonly done in the literature, because it leads to generalizations that are not justified in view of the neurobiology and differentiation of the autonomic nervous system. Thus, to speak of sympathetic or parasympathetic ‘‘functions’’ generates misunderstandings and gives a wrong impression of how these systems work. 1 and will be clarified in Part II.
Heart (coronary arteries) . . intracranial tissues . . salivary glands Veins Blood vessels a Arteries in . . skin of trunk and limbs . . skin and mucosa of face . . visceral domain (inc. kidney) . . , of natural killer cells) Glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis Lipolysis (free fatty acids in blood increased) Decrease of secretion of insulin Secretion of glucagon Heat production Increase in synthesis of melatonin ? Secretion (cholinergic) Weak mucous secretion (submandibular gland) 0 Contraction 2 f 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 The right column shows the type of adrenoceptor in the membranes of the target cells mediating the effect of activation of sympathetic neurons (see Chapter 8).
Location of sympathetic pre- and postganglionic neurons with respect to organs Pre- and postganglionic neurons exhibit distinct topographical locations with respect to different organs. 1. The locations of these neurons in humans have been worked out with classical anatomical techniques. 3). Approximately 90% of the cell bodies of sympathetic postganglionic neurons projecting through the dorsal cutaneous nerves to the dorsal skin of the trunk or through the intercostal nerves are located in the paravertebral ganglion corresponding to the dorsal root ganglion and in the next caudal paravertebral ganglion (Baron et al.
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