By Keren Rice
Athapaskan languages are of serious linguistic curiosity as a result of their complicated morphology. during this transparent and insightful ebook, Keren Rice deals a wealthy survey of morpheme ordering in Athapaskan verbs, with implications for either synchronic grammar and language swap. She argues that verb constitution is predictable throughout Athapaskan languages if yes summary facets of that means are thought of. this can be the 1st significant comparative learn of its sort for Athapaskan languages, combining descriptive intensity with a modern theoretical point of view.
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Additional resources for Morpheme Order and Semantic Scope: Word Formation in the Athapaskan Verb
Second, so does local variability - some variability in morpheme order occurs both within a language and across the family. In this chapter I examine some possible hypotheses to account for both of these properties. 1 Two Hypotheses One can imagine different ways of accounting for the fact that the Athapaskan language family as a whole exhibits both global uniformity and local variability. I outline two here. Under both hypotheses, global uniformity has its origins in the languages having a common source, but they differ as follows.
In this section I provide an overview of the functions of the quantificational elements found in the verb of Athapaskan languages. Before turning in detail to the individual quantifiers, I provide some brief background on quantification. Quantifiers are often divided into two types depending on their function. Basically, one type of quantifier is involved with the nominal system, quantifying over individuals or entities, and the second type is involved in the verbal system, quantifying over events.
Li 1946:417) In the three languages discussed so far, the distributive pluralizes, and may also individuate, the argument to which it relates. The distributive in these languages relates to entities and does not affect the view of the event, but rather modifies the thematic relations involved in the event. Other Languages In some other Athapaskan languages, the function of the distributive is more complex. The distributive in these languages does not distinguish a general plural versus dual as in Navajo, Jicarilla Apache, and Chipewyan; it serves only to individuate.
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