Download Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of by Leslie Peirce PDF

By Leslie Peirce

During this skillful research, Leslie Peirce delves into the lifetime of a sixteenth-century heart jap neighborhood, bringing to gentle the ways in which men and women used their neighborhood legislations courtroom to unravel own, kinfolk, and group difficulties. studying one year's lawsuits of the court docket of Aintab, an Anatolian urban that had lately been conquered through the Ottoman sultanate, Peirce argues that neighborhood citizens replied to new possibilities and new constraints by way of negotiating versatile criminal practices. Their activities and the various compromises they reached in courtroom inspired how society considered gender and in addition created a discussion with the ruling regime over mutual rights and tasks. finding its dialogue of gender and criminal matters within the context of the altering administrative practices and moving strength family of the interval, Morality stories argues that it was once in simple terms in neighborhood interpretation that criminal principles obtained power and that means.

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Additional resources for Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab

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E. of the Prophet Muhammad. It was also well endowed for its size with institutions of Islamic learning. The city had no doubt had a functioning court for a number of centuries before 1540. That it was the years around 1540 when its court became a node in the expanding network of Ottoman courts is suggested by the fact that its records began to be kept systematically in the mid-1530s; in addition, by 1541 at the latest it was receiving judges appointed from the center. Indeed, Aintab provides a rare opportunity to examine processes of legal in- 00A-C2548-INT 2/12/03 8:55 AM Page 11 introduction 11 corporation, since very few Ottoman cities have court records extant for this early a date.

A certain degree of flux was inevitable as the newly acquired territories underwent integration into Ottoman systems of military, fiscal, and judicial administration. As for Aintab, the ambiguity of its geographical identity and historical legacy was evident in its shifting administrative attachment during the first decades of Ottoman overlordship. 27 In so doing, they reaffirmed Aintab’s late Mamluk identity as the northernmost post of a Syrian cultural and economic zone. 28 The reasons for this transfer are not clear, although Dulkadir’s relative lack of urban centers may have been one factor.

Another argument for looking at the Aintab court registers of 1540 –1541 as a locally produced record is the fact that the state’s executive arm in the province was also largely local: apart from state-appointed governors, the enforcers of the law were residents of Aintab city and the province’s villages. Indeed, the blurred boundary between state and society is another commonplace of this book. It is perhaps an irony that the registry of voices that the court records offer their readers today is in large part a product of Ottoman imperialization.

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