Download Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science by Larry May, Marilyn Friedman, Andy Clark PDF

By Larry May, Marilyn Friedman, Andy Clark

The essays during this anthology take care of the transforming into interconnections among ethical philosophy and examine that pulls upon neuroscience, developmental psychology and evolutionary biology. This cross-disciplinary interchange coincides, now not by accident, with the renewed curiosity in moral naturalism. that allows you to comprehend the character and bounds of ethical reasoning, many new moral naturalists glance to cognitive technological know-how for an account of ways humans really cause. whilst, many cognitive scientists became more and more drawn to ethical reasoning as a fancy kind of human cognition that demanding situations their theoretical versions.

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Extra info for Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science

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We must keep that filth out of our schools. Crime is a plague that infects us all. He lives in a cocaine sewer. What a sick, disgusting thing to do. These conceptual metaphors are not merely optional ways of talking about morality. There is nothing optional about them at all, and they are not merely matters of words. They are the means by which we define our moral concepts. Although we may not be limited to just one unique metaphor system for a particular concept (for example, we have both WELLBEING IS WEALTH and WELL-BEING IS HEALTH), neither can we use just any metaphor, especially since this is seldom a matter of conscious choice and the range of metaphors available is relatively small.

This aspect of moral psychology does have normative and critical implications, because it gives us insight into the nature of our values and how they constrain our inferences about moral matters. For example, the empirical study of our moral conceptual system reveals the metaphors that define our moral frameworks, and it can open our eyes to the limitations of this or that metaphor of morality. It can show us what our metaphors highlight and what they hide. It reveals the partial nature of any metaphorical conceptualization and of the reasoning we do based on each metaphor, and it shows us that we may need multiple conceptualizations to discern the full range of possibilities open to us in a given situation.

Hence physics, chemistry, history, statistics, engineering science, are a part of disciplined moral knowledge sofar as they enable us to understand the conditions and agencies through which man lives, and on account of which he forms and executes his plans. Moral science is not something with a separate page_49 Page 50 province. 4 I will argue that the exclusion from moral philosophy of a robust moral psychology stands directly in the way of genuine moral understanding and insight. Once we challenge this foundational dichotomy, it becomes necessary to reevaluate the nature and purpose of moral philosophy.

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