Download Metonymy and Language: A New Theory of Linguistic Processing by Charles Denroche PDF

By Charles Denroche

Metonymy and Language presents a brand new conception of language and verbal exchange within which the principal concentration is at the inspiration of metonymy, the popularity of partial fits and overlaps. by utilizing unique information units and rigorous basic study, Denroche characterizes metonymy as key to knowing why language is so ‘fit for objective’ and the way it achieves such nice subtlety and adaptability. This research develops the thought of ‘metonymic competence’ and demonstrates that metonymic habit is frequently pursued for its personal sake in leisure actions, akin to quizzes, puzzles and play, and indicates the prospective impression of the appliance of metonymic processing idea to specialist fields, akin to language instructing and translator education. additionally, it proposes a examine procedure with metonymy at its heart, ‘metonymics,’ which Denroche indicates may provide a strong framework for addressing matters in several fields of perform within the arts and sciences.

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Extra resources for Metonymy and Language: A New Theory of Linguistic Processing

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Historical metaphors do not offer any potential for metaphoric extension because there is not a more basic ‘physical’ meaning available to the speaker. Similarly, ‘dead metaphors’, such as to be on tenterhooks, to be at loggerheads, to cock a snook, cannot easily be extended, but there is a sense they could be were the speaker to know what the terms tenterhooks, loggerheads and snooks originally meant. In data from my notebooks, a radio presenter explicitly asks this: “We are all on tenterhooks here at BBC London, whatever tenterhooks are.

Analogies are also metaphoric ideas, but presented as an explicit relationship between four elements of the sort “A is to B as X is to Y” (sometimes notated as A:B::X:Y). Analogies, like comparisons, can be literal or metaphoric. If they are metaphoric, A and B are from the target domain and X and Y from the source domain; if intended as literal, such as lawyer:client::doctor:patient, the elements are taxonomically more closely related. The four categories discussed above closely resemble Deignan’s categories of, what she calls, ‘metaphorically-motivated linguistic expressions’, namely ‘historical’, ‘dead’, ‘conventionalized’ and ‘innovative’ metaphors (Deignan 2005:39).

How Modelling the Linguistic Mind 19 useful they would be in practice would depend on the context and the degree to which they reflect metaphoric ideas in our conceptual system. Novel metaphors require speakers and interlocutors to work actively to interpret them. I present this classification in order to make clear in which type of metaphor the Metaphor Processor is involved; it is only involved in the last of the four categories, when processing novel metaphor. Once an expression is conventionalized, it has an entry in the Mental Phraseicon; it is a new sign and the Metaphor Processor does not need to be employed.

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