By Charles Denroche
Metonymy and Language presents a brand new conception of language and verbal exchange within which the principal concentration is at the inspiration of metonymy, the popularity of partial fits and overlaps. by utilizing unique information units and rigorous basic study, Denroche characterizes metonymy as key to knowing why language is so ‘fit for objective’ and the way it achieves such nice subtlety and adaptability. This research develops the thought of ‘metonymic competence’ and demonstrates that metonymic habit is frequently pursued for its personal sake in leisure actions, akin to quizzes, puzzles and play, and indicates the prospective impression of the appliance of metonymic processing idea to specialist fields, akin to language instructing and translator education. additionally, it proposes a examine procedure with metonymy at its heart, ‘metonymics,’ which Denroche indicates may provide a strong framework for addressing matters in several fields of perform within the arts and sciences.
Read or Download Metonymy and Language: A New Theory of Linguistic Processing PDF
Similar semantics books
During this groundbreaking booklet, Wierzbicka demonstrates that each language has its «key ideas» and that those key suggestions replicate the center values of the tradition. additional, she argues that inside of a culture-independent analytical framework you can actually research, examine, or even clarify cultures to outsiders via their key innovations.
Over the past 20 years or so, many of the paintings at the syntax of Philippine languages has been concerned with the query of even if those languages may be stated to have grammatical matters, and if that is so which argument of a uncomplicated transitive clause can be analysed as being the topic. Paul Kroeger's contribution to this debate asserts that grammatical kin corresponding to topic and item are syntactic notions, and needs to be pointed out at the foundation of syntactic homes, instead of by means of semantic roles or discourse services.
This booklet provides an cutting edge and novel method of linguistic semantics, ranging from the concept language may be defined as a mechanism for the expression of linguistic Meanings as specific floor varieties, or Texts. Semantics is in particular that method of ideas that guarantees a transition from a Semantic illustration of the that means of a relations of synonymous sentences to the Deep-Syntactic illustration of a specific sentence.
This quantity brings jointly unique papers via linguists and philosophers at the position of context and standpoint in language and suggestion. a number of contributions are thinking about the contextualism/relativism debate, which has loomed huge in fresh philosophical discussions. In a considerable creation, the editors survey the sector and map out the suitable matters and positions.
- Leveraging the Semantics of Topic Maps: Second International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2006, Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2006, Revised Selected Papers
- Presupposition and Assertion in Dynamic Semantics: A Critical Review of Linguistic Theories of Presupposition and a Dynamic Alternative
- Media Borders, Multimodality and Intermediality
- Case, Scope, and Binding
Extra resources for Metonymy and Language: A New Theory of Linguistic Processing
Historical metaphors do not offer any potential for metaphoric extension because there is not a more basic ‘physical’ meaning available to the speaker. Similarly, ‘dead metaphors’, such as to be on tenterhooks, to be at loggerheads, to cock a snook, cannot easily be extended, but there is a sense they could be were the speaker to know what the terms tenterhooks, loggerheads and snooks originally meant. In data from my notebooks, a radio presenter explicitly asks this: “We are all on tenterhooks here at BBC London, whatever tenterhooks are.
Analogies are also metaphoric ideas, but presented as an explicit relationship between four elements of the sort “A is to B as X is to Y” (sometimes notated as A:B::X:Y). Analogies, like comparisons, can be literal or metaphoric. If they are metaphoric, A and B are from the target domain and X and Y from the source domain; if intended as literal, such as lawyer:client::doctor:patient, the elements are taxonomically more closely related. The four categories discussed above closely resemble Deignan’s categories of, what she calls, ‘metaphorically-motivated linguistic expressions’, namely ‘historical’, ‘dead’, ‘conventionalized’ and ‘innovative’ metaphors (Deignan 2005:39).
How Modelling the Linguistic Mind 19 useful they would be in practice would depend on the context and the degree to which they reflect metaphoric ideas in our conceptual system. Novel metaphors require speakers and interlocutors to work actively to interpret them. I present this classification in order to make clear in which type of metaphor the Metaphor Processor is involved; it is only involved in the last of the four categories, when processing novel metaphor. Once an expression is conventionalized, it has an entry in the Mental Phraseicon; it is a new sign and the Metaphor Processor does not need to be employed.
- Download Advances in Proof-Theoretic Semantics by Thomas Piecha, Peter Schroeder-Heister PDF
- Download Architecting Resilient Systems: Accident Avoidance and by Scott Jackson PDF