Download Materials Count: The Case for Material Flows Analysis by National Research Council PDF

By National Research Council

The emerging inhabitants and commercial development position expanding lines on various fabric and effort assets. knowing easy methods to take advantage of economically and environmentally effective use of fabrics would require an figuring out of the move of fabrics from the time a cloth is extracted via processing, production, use, and its final vacation spot as a waste or reusable source. fabrics count number examines the usefulness of constructing and holding fabric circulation debts for constructing sound public coverage, evaluates the technical foundation for cloth flows research, assesses the present kingdom of fabric flows info, and discusses who must have institutional accountability for amassing, protecting, and delivering entry to extra information for cloth circulation bills.

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1997) was written in an attempt to find “broadly acceptable new approaches and powerful new insights that can stimulate the global transformation” of societies. In their joint work, the collaborators defined terms relating to material requirements in national economies, suggesting a set of physical accounts paralleling conventional national economic accounts. These terms include hidden flows, direct material input, and total material requirement. Hidden, often called indirect, flows are comprised of excavated and/or disturbed material flows and ancillary material flows, both of which are also defined.

The material must be removed before the ore can be extracted and used. The inclusion of such indirect flows is an important aspect of material flows accounting—the focus is on all material flows, not just those with economic value. This is the case even for imports, where the indirect flows are incurred outside the system. The task of material flows accounting is to track all of these flows at a reasonable or practical level of detail for the system of interest. The feasibility of details may be related to the cost-benefit analysis of undertaking the effort, the adverse or beneficial impact on public health or the environment, or another rational evaluation.

Meyer, Vulcan Materials Company, personal communication, 2002). , where the demand for aggregates roughly equals the rate of aggregate production within the county) dropped by approximately 50 percent. 1). Moreover, aggregates are now being imported to the East Coast from Canada and the Caribbean—a remarkable development given the supposed abundance and relative low cost of this critical building and construction material. 1 Determination of counties in which there are deficits in production (black), balances (white), or surpluses (grey).

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