By Jaakko Hintikka
IF WITI'GENSTEIN may possibly speak, may well WE comprehend HIM? Perusing the secondary literature on Wittgenstein, i've got usually skilled an ideal Brechtean Entfremdungseffekt. this is often attention-grabbing, i've got felt like asserting whilst examining books and papers on Wittgenstein, yet who's the author conversing approximately? in no way Ludwig Wittgenstein the particular one that wrote his books and notebooks and whom I occurred to satisfy. Why is there this unusual hole among the tips of the particular thinker and the musings of his interpreters? Wittgenstein is chatting with us throughout the posthumous booklet of his writings. Why do not philosophers comprehend what he's announcing? A partial cause is printed within the first essay of this quantity. Wittgenstein was once some distance too impatient to provide an explanation for in his books and booklet drafts what his difficulties have been, what it used to be that he was once attempting to get transparent approximately. He was once even too impatient to provide an explanation for in complete his past strategies, usually basically relating them casually because it have been in a shorthand notation. For one very important example, within the Brown booklet, Wittgenstein had defined in a few aspect what name-object relationships volume to in his view. There he bargains either a proof of what his challenge is and an account of his personal view illustrated through particular examples of language-games. but if he increases a similar query back in Philosophical Investigations I, sec.
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Additional resources for Ludwig Wittgenstein: Half-Truths and One-and-a-Half-Truths
9. PICTURES BY SIMILARITY? Further confirmation of our interpretation is obtained by examining its consequences. From what has been said it follows that the pictures of the Tractatus are more than mere isomorphic images of the corresponding facts. They resemble the facts to the extent of sharing their logical form. This makes them in a sense pictures by sim:ilarity. This observation is related in an intriguing way with what Wittgenstein said later. In The Blue Book, pp. 35-37 Wittgenstein discusses what he calls "pictures by similarity" and "pictures not by similarity".
7. THE MIRRORING THESIS It is obvious that thesis (1) does not do the whole job Wittgenstein needed to be done. He wanted the entire role of Russellian independent logical forms to be played by the logical forms of simple objects. These logical forms spell out how objects can be combined with each other. One particular elementary proposition reflects one such combination. But this is not enough. Obviously it must be the case that the totality of all elementary propositions must reflect the totality of possible facts.
It involves an isomorphism of two structures of the same logical form. And this identity of logical forms extends to the very names of which a proposition consists, in relation to their objects. Thus, in a sense (albeit in a sense that has to be handled cagily), the picture idea does not concern sentences only; it concerns also names. Perhaps this is only to be expected. We saw above that Wittgenstein was forced by his rejection of logical forms as independent entities to associate forms with simple objects.
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