By Bruno Scrosati, K. M. Abraham, Walter A. van Schalkwijk, Jusef Hassoun
First built within the overdue Eighties, lithium-ion batteries now energy every little thing from pill pcs to strength instruments to electrical vehicles. regardless of super growth within the final twenty years within the engineering and production of lithium-ion batteries, they're at present not able to satisfy the strength and tool calls for of many new and rising units. This e-book units the level for the advance of a brand new new release of higher-energy density, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries through advancing battery chemistry and selecting new electrode and electrolyte materials.
The first bankruptcy of Lithium Batteries units the root for the remainder of the e-book with a short account of the background of lithium-ion battery improvement. subsequent, the publication covers such issues as:
Advanced natural and ionic liquid electrolytes for battery applications
Advanced cathode fabrics for lithium-ion batteries
Metal fluorosulphates in a position to doubling the power density of lithium-ion batteries
Efforts to increase lithium-air batteries
Alternative anode rechargeable batteries comparable to magnesium and sodium anode systems
Each of the 16 chapters has been contributed through a number of best specialists in electrochemistry and lithium battery expertise. Their contributions are in line with the most recent released findings in addition to their very own firsthand laboratory event. Figures through the booklet support readers comprehend the thoughts underlying the most recent efforts to increase the technological know-how of batteries and increase new fabrics. Readers also will discover a bibliography on the finish of every bankruptcy to facilitate extra learn into person topics.
Lithium Batteries offers electrochemistry scholars and researchers with a picture of present efforts to enhance battery functionality in addition to the instruments had to develop their very own examine efforts.
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Extra resources for Lithium Batteries: Advanced Technologies and Applications
Clearly, new batteries, assuring higher energy from the weight/volume ratio, combined with a long operational life, were urgently needed. 24 CHAPTER 2 LITHIUM BATTERIES: FROM EARLY STAGES TO THE FUTURE Cell top (negative terminal) Anode Nylon grommet Absorbent separator Sleeve Barrier separator Electrolyte Cell can (positive terminal) Cathode FIGURE 3 Zinc–mercuric oxide battery, button conﬁguration. This battery was used to power cardiac pacemakers in their very earliest stage. To provide the energy required for correct pacemaker operation, four Zn/HgO batteries were needed, which resulted in high weight and volume encumbrance.
M. Abraham, Walter van Schalkwijk, and Jusef Hassoun. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 21 22 CHAPTER 2 LITHIUM BATTERIES: FROM EARLY STAGES TO THE FUTURE Fe Cu Luigi Galvani Alessandro Volta FIGURE 1 In 1781 at the University of Bologna, Italy, Luigi Galvani carried out his classical experiment in which he observed that because a frog’s leg twitched when touched by a series of two different metals, the animal’s muscle could generate electricity. In 1800, Alessandro Volta at the University of Pavia in Italy claimed the opposite: namely, that the muscle responded by stimulus of the two metals, arguing his point by the demonstration of electricity production from his “voltaic pile,” formed by an alternating sequence of two different metals (zinc and silver disks) separated by a cloth soaked in a sodium chloride solution.
Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971, p. 1 B. B Owens, B. Scrosati, and P. Reale, in Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources, Elsevier, New York, 2009, Vol. 4, p. 120. B. B. Owens, P. Reale, and B. Scrosati, Electrochem. , 9, 694 (2007). C. C. Liang, in Application of Solid Electrolytes, T. Takahashi and A. , JEC Press, Cleveland, OH, 1980, p. 60. R. Kanno and M. Maruyama, J. Electrochem. , 148, A742 (2001). G. C. Farrington, B. Dunn, and J. O. Thomas, in High Conductivity Solid Ionic Conductors, T.
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