By Herman Cappelen
Language grew to become on Itself examines what occurs whilst language turns into self-reflexive; whilst language is used to discuss language. those that imagine, speak, and write approximately language are recurring clients of varied metalinguistic units, yet reliance on those units starts off early: children are instructed, 'That's referred to as a "rabbit"'. it isn't incredible primitive capability for the meta-linguistic kicks in in the beginning phases of language acquisition. yet regardless of while or how often those units are invoked, something is apparent: they current theorists of language with a posh info trend. Herman Cappelen and Ernest Lepore exhibit that the examine of those units and styles not just represents an attractive and ignored venture within the philosophy of language, but additionally consists of very important results for different components of philosophy. half I is dedicated to offering information approximately numerous points of our metalinguistic practices. partially II, the authors learn and reject the 4 top metalinguistic theories, and supply a brand new account of our use of citation in numerous varied contexts. however the fundamental aim of this publication isn't really to advertise one conception over one other. quite, it's to give a deeply complicated set of difficulties and clarify their importance
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Extra info for Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse
Were it there, confrontations with that expression would be a lot more interesting than they are. Other authors couch this point in different ways. Here are three characterizations from the literature: 1. . a quotation somehow pictures what it is about (Davidson 1979: 82). 2. A quotation is . . a hieroglyph . . [that] designates its object . . by picturing it (Quine 1940: 26). 3. . ³ We ourselves prefer to speak vaguely (at this stage) of the quotation expression containing whatever item it quotes.
10) is a verb phrase (and not a noun phrase) in Ch. 11. Minimally, what these data indicate is that quotation is a strange sort of syntactic beast—a syntactic chameleon—apparently taking on 28 Part I: Data distinct syntactic roles in distinct linguistic environments. A theory of quotation must say something—one way or the other—about the apparent syntactic ﬂexibility of quotation expressions. D 7 . S I M U LTA N E O U S U S E A N D M E N T I O N I N M I X E D QU OTAT I O N As noted in Ch. 10. Quine said that quotation ‘has a certain anomalous feature’.
Deny the initial intuition by saying that in mixed quotation, the semantic content doesn’t imply that the quoted words are used—only quoted. Positions (1) and (2) have been defended in print by many authors; (3) is novel to this book. Position (1) is clearly intuitive, but any proponent of either (2) or (3) has some explaining to do. We’ll argue in Chs. 6 and 11 against (1) and (2) and in defense of (3). D 8 . I N D E X I C A L S I N S I D E M I X E D QU OTAT I O N In Ch. 1, we drew your attention to a peculiarity of the apparent behavior of indexical expressions inside mixed quotations.
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