By Tadeusz Kotarbiński (auth.), Jan Woleński (eds.)
Tadeusz Kotarbinski is one in all towering figures in modern Polish philosophy. He used to be an excellent philosopher, a superb instructor, an excellent organizer of philosophical and medical existence (he used to be, between others, the rector of the Uni versi ty of t6dz, the president of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and the president of the overseas Institute of Philosophy), and, final yet now not least, a very good ethical authority. He died on the age of ninety six on October three, 1981. Kotarbinski used to be lively in just about all branches of philosophy. He made many major contributions to good judgment, semantics, ontology, epistemology, heritage of philosophy, and ethics. He created a brand new box, particularly praxiology. therefore, utilizing an historic contrast, he contributed to theoretical in addition to useful philoso~hy. Kotarbinski seemed praxiology as his significant philosophical "child". no doubt, praxiology belongs to sensible philosophy. This assortment, howewer, is principally dedicated to Kotarbinski' s theoretical philosophy. Reism - Kotarbinski' s basic notion of ontology and semantics - is the significant subject of so much papers incorporated the following; even Pszczolowski' s essay on praxiology considers its ontological foundation. ,Only papers, particularly that of Zarnecka-Bialy and that of Wolenski, should not associated with reism. even if, either fall lower than the final label "Kotarbinski: good judgment, semantics and ontology". the gathering partially involves past released papers.
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Extra resources for Kotarbiński: Logic, Semantics and Ontology
By this set of rules a name will be dual to itself, but a sentence occuring as a clause (or for that matter a predicable of category sIn) will be dual not to itself but to its negation. Denying a naming role to sentences does not mean that we must view with an unfriendly eye such developments as Suszko's 'non-Fregean' theory of propositional identity or Wolniewicz's theory of situations. The prose explanations may use onomatoids, but the foraal development does not blur out the distinction of names and sentences; on this I have found remarkably clarifying a paper by Arthur Prior, "Intentionality and Intensionality", in the posthumous collection (1976: Papers in Logic and Ethics).
24 ALFRED GAWRONSKI Before embarking upon a critical analysis of the theses embodied in these two versions of psychologism in semantics, it would be advisable, for clarity of exposition, to say a few words about antipsychologism. We do not often encounter the psychologistic approach in the works of analytical philosophers writing in English. The influence of Frege and Wittgenstein is still so strong that it has left little rooll for psychologistic interpretations of the nature of language. It is well known that Frege ardently opposed connecting the theory of language with individual internal experiences.
I do agree with hia about the question of general names; I shall return to this in a moment. But I am at least strongly inclined to reject from the category of names all expressions of complex syntactical structure. Following the lead of Plato's Sophist, Aristotle's De interpretatione lays it down that the simplest sort of system consists of a name, onoma, and a predicable expression, rheas; these are plainly aeant to constitute two mutually exclusive classes, and in the simplest sort of sentence each will be syntactically simple, having no parts that signify separately.
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